Dr. Ahmed G. Abo-Khalil

Electrical Engineering Department

Bit error rate

In digital transmission, the number of bit errors is the number of received bits of a data stream over a communication channel that have been altered due to noise, interference, distortion or bit synchronization errors.

The bit error rate or bit error ratio (BER) is the number of bit errors divided by the total number of transferred bits during a studied time interval. BER is a unitless performance measure, often expressed as a percentage.

The bit error probability pe is the expectation value of the BER. The BER can be considered as an approximate estimate of the bit error probability. This estimate is accurate for a long time interval and a high number of bit errors.

Office Hours

Monday 10 -2

Tuesday 10-12

Thursday 11-1

My Timetable

Contacts


email: a.abokhalil@mu.edu.sa

a_galal@yahoo.com

Phone: 2570

Welcome

Welcome To Faculty of Engineering

Almajmaah University

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

http://www.ieee.org/

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/guesthome.jsp

http://ieee-ies.org/

http://www.ieee-pes.org/

http://www.pels.org/

Links of Interest

http://www.utk.edu/research/

http://science.doe.gov/grants/index.asp

http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/

http://www.eere.energy.gov/


القران الكريم

http://quran.muslim-web.com/

Travel Web Sites

http://www.hotels.com/

http://www.orbitz.com/

http://www.hotwire.com/us/index.jsp

http://www.kayak.com/

Photovoltaic Operation


Wave Power

World's Simplest Electric Train



PeltierModule-JouleThief-Fridge

homemade Aircondition

Salt water battery


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