Dr. Ahmed G. Abo-Khalil

Electrical Engineering Department

Force on current-c

The force on a current carrying wire is similar to that of a moving charge as expected since a charge carrying wire is a collection of moving charges. A current carrying wire feels a force in the presence of a magnetic field. The Lorentz force on a macroscopic current is often referred to as the Laplace force. Consider a conductor of length l, cross section A, and charge q which is due to electric current i. If this conductor is placed in a magnetic field of induction B which makes an angle θ (theta) with the velocity of charges in the conductor, the force exerted on a single charge q is

,F = qvBsin(	heta) ,

so, for N charges where

,N = nlA ,

the force exerted on the conductor is

,f=FN=qvBsin(	heta)(nlA),
,f=Bilsin(	heta),

where ,i=nqvA.

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email: a.abokhalil@mu.edu.sa

a_galal@yahoo.com

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