Linguistics is the scientific  study of language.There are three aspects to this study: language form, language meaning, and language in context. The earliest activities in the description of language have been attributed to Pāṇini (fl. 4th century BCE), with his analysis ofSanskrit in Ashtadhyayi.
In linguistics, human language is a system of sounds, symbols, andmeaning. Phonetics is the study of acoustic, visual, and articulatory properties in the production and perception of speech and non-speech sounds. The study of language meaning, on the other hand, deals with how languages encode relations between entities, properties, and other aspects of the world to convey, process, and assign meaning, as well as to manage and resolve ambiguity. While the study of semanticstypically concerns itself with truth conditions, pragmatics deals with how context influences meanings.
Grammar comprises of a system of rules, which govern the language of a particular speech community. It encompasses of sound, meaning, and gestures, and includes phonology (how sounds and gestures function together), morphology (the formation and composition of words), and syntax (the formation and composition of phrases and sentences from words).