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استاذ تكنولوجيا التعليم المساعد بكلية التربية بالزلفي

Virtual Learning

Virtual Learning
Virtual learning (VL) dates back to 1840, when
Sir Isaac Pitman, the English inventor of shorthand,
came up with the idea of delivering instruction via
correspondence courses by mail. But only with the
advances of modern technology has distance
education grown to a multibillion dollar market
(Dinevski & Kokol, 2005). Virtual university (VU) at
vu.edu.pak is the best example of virtual learning
with zero-physical contact but virtually 100percent
connected with the students. The VU is a ‘university
without walls’, an un-packed virtual institution thus
‘The University’ as an institution, seizes to exist.
Where content and instructions are delivered through
Internet, intranet, extranet, satellite TV, and CDROM
with multimedia capabilities (Goddard &
Cornford, 2007). The university, then, becomes far
more externally oriented; an intermediary on the
global stage, acting as collaborator, client, contractor
and broker of higher education services (Nawaz,
2012b)
2.4 eLearning 2.0
The shift from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 has also
lifted eLearning to eLearning 2.0. From this
perspective, traditional eLearning systems used
instructional packets to deliver to the students
through Internet. The traditional learning consisted of
readings and preparing assignments, evaluated by the
teachers. In eLearning 2.0, the new eLearning places
increased emphasis on social learning, collaboration
and use of social software such as blogs, wikis,
Life Science Journal 2013;10(12s) http://www.lifesciencesite.com
566
podcasts and virtual worlds like, ‘Second Life’
‘WebTrain’ etc. The first 10 years of eLearning
(eLearning 1.0) was focused on using the internet to
reproduce the instructor-led knowledge where
content was designed to lead a learner through the
content. eLearning 2.0, on the other hand, is built
around collaboration because it assumes that
knowledge is socially constructed (Wikipedia, 2012).

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