د/ايمان زغلول قاسم

استاذ تكنولوجيا التعليم المساعد بكلية التربية بالزلفي

Theory & Practice

Distance between Theory & Practice
There are several gaps between whatever is
presented in theory and what happens in reality and
this is evident at all levels of governments,
institutions, groups and individuals in the eLearning
environments of developed and developing countries
including the HEIs of NWFP, Pakistan (Sahay,
2004). For example, when formulating policy,
administrators tend to favor the reformist approach,
but practically they are generally technocratic (Groth
et al., 2009). There is a phenomenal gap between the
rhetoric about information society and the practical
implementation of ICT at the institutional levels
(Nawaz. 2013).
c) Lagging behind on the Paradigm-Shifts
Furthermore, we are still stuck with the old
methods of teaching, learning and educational
management. The traditional institutions are cannot
cope with the growing demand systematically
(Baumeister, 2006), our teaching is still teachercentered
and student-centric pedagogy is yet in the
documents and theory or at the most in discussions
(Overbay et al., 2009). The market is changing fast
but our education system, particularly higher
education is not catching up with the emerging
demands of information society. In Pakistan, the gap
between the technological skills needed for the new
economy and the traditional education institutions are
increasing fast (Nawaz et al., 2011a).
Life Science Journal 2013;10(12s) http://www.lifesciencesite.com
568
4. Opportunities
Education determines, more than anything else,
a country's prospects for human development and
competitiveness. Fortunately, the information
revolution offers some extraordinary opportunities in
education. Common sense tells us that we should
teach different learners differently. Parents
demonstrate this intuitive wisdom when they
communicate differently to their children according
to their specific ages (Dinevski & Kokol, 2005).
Universities and even smaller departments within
organizations are becoming capable to afford
sophisticated digital systems (Ezziane, 2007).
Electronically supported processes in the teaching
and administrative spheres do not seem to be
displacing traditional ways of doing things. Rather,
the outcomes are often a matter of the new ‘virtual’
and the old ‘traditional’ notions of the university coexisting
in a tense relationship (Nawaz, 2012a).
4.1 Availability of Digital Technologies
The developing countries are not supposed to
produce hardware because firstly, hardware is
becoming inexpensive as well as a huge number of
‘Branded Computers’ are transported to the
developing and poor countries, which are hi-tech but
very cheap in comparison to the new computers of
same model and specifications (Juniu, 2005). So
availability of hardware is not a big deal in the
developing world. Similarly, software is also
available not through standard channels rather piracy
but with the inception of Web 2.0 and FOSS, it is
gradually becoming very cheaper for the developing
countries to capitalize on the free of cost software
that is available online and which is also coming in a
variety to serve different purposes of applications in
the teaching, learning and administrative functions in
the HEIs (Kundi & Nawaz, 2010).
4.2 FOSS: Free and Open Sources Systems
It has been found that the FOSS are becoming a
culture in higher education, for example, in the
February 2006 survey of U.S. higher education chief
information officers (CIOs), it was found that twothird
of the CIOs have either adopted or seriously
planning in the favor of FOSS. The history of social
software is as long as the history of computers itself,
for example, it took the Web less than four years to
attract 50 million users while radio needed almost 40
years to gain the same number of users (Nawaz &
Kundi, 2010c). Libraries are putting more and more
material on the Web and thus becoming virtual
libraries. For example, the University of Texas made
a move toward a bookless library system by posting
60,000 volumes online and trying to bring all their
collections online (Nawaz, 2012d).
4.3 Mushrooming Local Digital Industry &
Professionalism

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