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استاذ تكنولوجيا التعليم المساعد بكلية التربية بالزلفي

definition of e-assessment

 definition of e-assessment
e-Assessment is the end-to-end electronic assessment
processes where ICT is used for the presentation of
assessment activity, and the recording of responses. This
includes the end-to-end assessment process from the
perspective of learners, tutors, learning establishments,
awarding bodies and regulators, and the general public.
To differentiate between different types of activity,
computer-based assessment (CBA) is used in this publication
to refer to assessments delivered and marked by computer,
and computer-assisted assessment (CAA) to refer to practice
that relies in part on computers – for example, use of online
discussion forums for peer-assessment, audience response
systems in group work, completion and submission of work
electronically, or storage of work in an e-portfolio. However,
it should be noted that these terms are often viewed as
interchangeable.
Some form of e-assessment may be used at each of the three
stages at which a learner’s attainment and progress come
under review:
Diagnostic – assessment of a learner’s knowledge and skills
at the outset of a course.
Formative – assessment that provides developmental
feedback to a learner on his or her current understanding
and skills. Formative assessment can also be described as
‘assessment for learning’ since an assessment that is entered
into voluntarily, and on which no final qualification depends,
can prompt learners to adjust their own performance.
Summative – the final assessment of a learner’s
achievement, usually leading to a formal qualification or
certification of a skill. Summative assessment is also referred
to as assessment of learning.
Assessment of any kind can be referred to as low, medium or
high stakes. A low-stakes assessment is usually formative,
with results recorded locally. A medium-stakes assessment
is one in which results may be recorded locally and nationally,
but is not life changing. A high-stakes assessment, however,
is one in which the outcomes are of high importance to both
centre and candidates, affecting progression to subsequent
roles and activities.
A closely related concept is the e-portfolio, which can be
used to document in digital form the outcomes of each stage
in a learner’s journey. The distinction between an e-portfolio
as a record of achievement and an e-portfolio as a tool for
assessment becomes blurred when the outcomes of
assessments, including self- or peer-assessments in the form
of diaries, blogs or wikis, are included. An e-portfolio may also
be the means by which some qualifications are assessed.

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