Economic and Social Damage of the Flood to Nimrud area and its Management Methods
Fatemeh Eskandari Nezhad
Phd student in Physical Geography, Sadridin Eini ,Tajikistan State University, Dushanbe
Abstract: Since this study focuses on exploring the relationship between the variables, it is a correlation type and because of discovering the effective cause(s) of incidence is among the scientific studies. This research is a field study since the residents and local experts were referred for identifying the amount of economic-social losses and the information is collected through the questionnaire. Thus it can be stated generally that the methods used in this thesis are among the descriptive-analytical, correlative-scientific and field techniques. Geographically, the studied area (Nimrud basin) is located in the North East of Tehran in southern hillside of Central Alborz Mountains and is one of the sub-basins of Hablerud. It has five sub-basins namely Qazqanchay - Farrokhrud - Saleh Bon - Shahrabad - Omrak and the area of this region is 812.7km2 and is selected for sampling and adaptation on the one hand and for comparing the floodsusceptibility data on the other hand. In this study, three following main hypotheses have been examined: The flood in this area causes the negative social consequences; the flood in this area has the negative and economic consequences, and finally the flood control in this area is effective by using the structural and non-structural or traditional-new methods. Student's t hypothesis test has been used in order to evaluate the results. In this research, it is concluded that the above hypotheses are confirmed based on the field research and the results of calculations. On this basis, finally the suggestions have been proposed.
[Fatemeh Eskandari Nezhad. Economic and Social Damage of the Flood to Nimrud area and its Management Methods.Life Sci J 2013;10(4s):137-148] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 21
Keywords: Nimrud Drainage Area, hydrology, topography, morphology