Evaluation of Sahand New Town Based on Sustainability Indicators
Mahsa Faramarzi Asli1*, Mohammad Amin Khojasteh Ghamari2
1. Department of Architecture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2. Department Architecture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran, and Payame noor university of Iran, Tabriz - Member of Young Researchers Club of Tabriz, Iran
Abstract: Urban population has been increasing and it is estimated to reach 70%of the total population in the world by the year 2050. The construction of new towns is performed in order to meet the needs such as absorbing the population overflow, providing dwellings and many other factors; but their origin is not considered based on sustainability Indicators during urban sustainable development process. Iran’s new towns tend towards unsustainability due to reasons such as inexact determination of new towns’ legal position, not defining resources for providing building costs, inconsistency and lack of cooperation among different organizations, also lack of infrastructural facilities, and decision-makers and town-builders’ lack of planning in regard to different aspects of sustainability. The purpose of this paper is to investigate Sahand new town success rate based on urban sustainability Indicators. The research method is field and analytical methods. In this paper, sustainability Indicators are selected in seven perspectives, and while evaluating based on these perspectives, proper and effective strategies for sustainable development of Sahand new town determined and introduced for future projects. Research results show that Sahand new town is in very weak environmental sustainability, in medium level of social sustainability, and the subsidies removal and Maskan Mehr (Mehr Housing) plans have been effective in economic sustainability.
[Mahsa Faramarzi Asli, Mohammad Amin Khojasteh Ghamari. Evaluation of Sahand New Town Based on Sustainability Indicators. Life Sci J 2013;10(4s):324-330] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 48
Keywords: Sustainability Indicators, Sustainable Development, Urban Sustainability, Iran’s New-Built Towns, Sahand New Town.