Nurses as Death Notifiers: a Report from Nurses in Iran
Nematullah Shomoossi1*, Mostafa Rad2, Mohsen Kooshan3, Javad Ganjloo3
1.Department of English, Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
2.PhD Candidate, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
3. Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
Correspondence author: email@example.com
Abstract: Background and Purpose: Breaking bad news, particularly death notifications, is among the hardest tasks of a medical team. Therefore, the present study was intended to investigate delivering death notifications to survivors from the perspectives of nurses in Iran. Methods and Materials: This descriptive analytical study was conducted 97 (29 male and 68 female) nurses in Iran, who completed a questionnaire including demographic information, questions on their training and familiarity with SPIKE or ABCDE strategies, as well as 25 Likert questions based on ABCDE strategies. The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS using descriptive statistics and correlation coefficients. Results: The results indicated that most nurses had witnessed death victims but they reported no formal training for death notifications and helping survivors to control their emotions. Also, the participants were unfamiliar with SPIKE (99%) or ABCDE (88%) strategies. Also, most of the participants agreed with adopting the ABCDE strategies in delivering death notifications.Conclusion: The results indicated an urgent need for training nurses on communication skills to deliver death notifications, with special attention to the emotions and reactions of the survivors.
[Shomoossi N., Rad M., Kooshan M., Ganjloo J. Nurses as Death Notifiers: a Report from Nurses in Iran. Life Sci J2013;10(4s):26-31] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 4
Keywords: Bad News; Death Notification; Nurses; Patients; Survivors.