Organic Waste Feedstocks to Energy
Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Sirnak University, Sirnak, Turkey
Corresponding author. Tel.: +90-486-216-4008 (2210); fax: +90-486-216-4844
E-mail address: email@example.com (N. Ak).
Abstract: Waste-to-energy (WTE) technologies convert waste matter into various forms of fuel that can be used to supply energy. Waste feedstocks can include municipal solid waste (MSW); forest and wood industry wastes including bark, chips, sawdust, hardboard dust, mud from paper industry and raw cork; agricultural waste, such as crop silage and livestock manure; industrial waste from coal mining, lumber mills, or other facilities; and even the gases that are naturally produced within landfills. There are four major methods for conversion of organic wastes to synthetic fuels: (1) hydrogenation, (2) pyrolysis, (3) gasification, and (4) bioconversion. Biomass thermo-chemical conversion technologies such as pyrolysis and gasification are certainly not the most important options at present; combustion is responsible for over 97% of the world’s bio-energy production. Some processes such as pyrolysis, gasification, anaerobic digestion and alcohol production have widely been applied to biomass in order to obtain its energy content.
[Namık Ak. Organic Waste Feedstocks to Energy. Life Sci J 2013;10(7s):233-241] (ISSN:1097-8135).http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 6
Keywords: Waste feedstock; Energy; Conversion; Waste management