Prevalence of goiter among high school students in Sanandaj, Iran in the year 2012.
Jafar Moballeghi1, Hossein Mohamadzadeh2, Fardin Gharibi3*, Mozhdeh Zarei4, Alireza Gharib5
1Department of Surgery, Besat Hospital, Kurdistan University of Medical Science, Sanandaj, Iran
2Assistant Profesor of Sociology, Department of Social Science,Payam Noor University
3*Ms PH Health Management. Deputy of Research and Technology, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
4Ms PH Midwifery. Deputy of Research and Technology, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5 MSc in Midwifery, Deputy of Research and Technology, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Iodine deficiency is a prevalent, yet easily preventable cause of brain damage. In this study we evaluated theprevalence of goiter among high school students lower than twenty years of age in the city of Sanandaj, knowing thatiodized salt program began twenty years ago. Methods: This descriptive - analytical study was conducted on 700 highschool students in Sanandaj during 2011-12 academic years. Sampling method was multistage. Data were collected byreferring to the chosen schools in coordination with high school principals. Demographic information of were collected afterinterviews and were recorded in the questionnaire. Height and Weight measurement students'. The diagnosis of goiter isbased on clinical examination and is graded in accordance with World Health Organization criteria. Collected data wereanalyzed by SPSS 16, and then chi-square test was used to determine the relationship between demographic variables andgoiter grades. Results: In our study the prevalence of goiter in high school students was 11.7%; females 16% and males 7.4%(p=0/0001). The frequency of grade one goiter in students that had mothers with high school education was 15.2% and instudents that had fathers with university education was 13.5%. Prevalence of grade one goiter in students with normal body mass index was 11.2%. Conclusion: Findings of the present study showed that in view of the descending trend of goiterprevalence during the past 20 years, the iodine deficiency disorders control program in Sanandaj has been highlysuccessful. Therefore for the purpose of maintaining a successful control monitoring program the iodine deficiencydisorders program needs to be strengthened.
[Hossein Mohamadzadeh, Fardin Gharibi, Mozhdeh Zarei, Alireza Gharib. Prevalence of goiter among high schoolstudents in Sanandaj, Iran in the year 2012. Life Sci J 2013;10(7s):534-538](ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com.83
Keywords: Iodine deficiency- goiter -high school students