Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma Infection in Pregnant Women in Qom Province, Iran (2010)
Lame Akhlaghi 1,Shahnaz Shirbazou2, Fatemeh Maleki3, Alireza Keyghobadi 4 ,Yaser Tabaraei 5,Fatemeh Tabatabaie1*
1Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Health research center,Baqiyatallah university of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Faculty of Para Medical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Hemmat Express Way, Tehran, Iran
4Intern, Medical Student, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5MS in Biostatistics, Public health School-Health School-Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences (SUMS), Sabzevar, Iran
Abstract: Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite that can infect a wide range of hosts, including humans. Infection with T. gondii is potentially life threatening in immunocompromised individuals. Moreover, the infection can be detrimental during pregnancy, often leading to abortion of the fetus. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the seroepidemiology of T. gondii infection among Qom's pregnant women in 20l0. Materials and methods: In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 200 serum samples were selected randomly and examined for toxoplasmosis by ELISA and IFA methods.The relationship between seropositivity for toxoplasmosis on the one hand, and some important factors on the other hand, were evaluated. Results: Total prevalence of Anti-Toxoplasma was 45.3%. According to the data reported by patients, toxoplasmosis had direct relationship with residential areas, consumption of semi-cooked meat, consumption of unwashed raw vegetables, and being in contact with cats. There is a statistically significant relationship between age and occurrence of the infection with regard to IgG seropositivity. However, such relationship could not be found for IgM. The highest infection rate was observed in the age range of 2l to 25. Discussion: Education about the routes of the disease transmission and performing toxoplasma test before pregnancy can be effective reducing the prevalence rate. [Lame Akhlaghi, Shahnaz shirbazou, Fatemeh Maleki, Alireza Keyghobadi, Yaser tabaraei, Fatemeh Tabatabaie, Seroepidemiology of ToxoplasmaInfection in Pregnant Women in Qom Province, Iran (2010), Life Sci J 2013;10(7s): 322-325] (ISSN:1097-8135).http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 50
Keywords: Toxoplasma; Antibody; Pregnancy; IgM; IgG.