Vaccination and Immunity Status against Hepatitis B among Students of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in 2013
Zehni K (MSc)1*., Rokhzadi M.Z(MSc)2., Mohmodi SH(MSc)2., Ashjardalan A(BS)3
1Instructor of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2Instructor of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3Bachelor of Laboratory Sciences, Medicine Faculty, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract: Hepatitis B is a common infection in the world and one of the main health problems in our country. Over 350 million people are infected with hepatitis B virus in the world and are chronic carriers of this infection. Health care workers and medical group students are always at risk of being infected with hepatitis B (HBV). This study was aimed at determining hepatitis B vaccination coverage and HBs antibody level among the students of the nursing and midwifery faculty of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. Material and Methods: This analytic–cross sectional study was conducted in 2013 on 163 third- and fourth-year students of nursing and midwifery faculty. Blood samples were taken from each individual and tested for HBs antibody by Elisa Method. Those who had anti HBs titer >10 ul/ml were considered as positive. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 Software and Chi-Square, Fisher and T-test (p<0/05).Results: The results showed that 30.7 % of the subjects were male and 69.3% were female. And a total number of 115 subjects (72.3%) had completed their vaccination (three dose and more). Moreover, 108 individuals (70%) had regarded (0, 1, 6) standard protocol. Results of also showed that 135 (86%) had protective immunity . The average HBs antibody in subjects was 103.97 ul/ml. There was a significant correlation between HBs Ab level and educational field but there was no significant correlation between HBs Ab level and variables such as sex and regarded 0-1-6 protocol. Conclusion: Medical students are exposed to hepatitis B in work and occupational environment. Therefore, it is suggested that medical group students’ anti HBs level should be measured; and non-immune ones must be revaccinated based on the specified protocol (0-1-6).
[Zehni K., Rokhzadi M.Z., Mohmodi SH., Ashjardalan A. Vaccination and Immunity Status against Hepatitis B among Students of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in 2013. Life Sci J 2013;10(7s):23-28](ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 5
Keywords: hepatitis B, vaccination, HBs antibody, medical group students