Effects of education and preparation on anxiety in women referring for mammography
Hoda Ahmari Tehran1; Ahmad Kachoie2, Esmat Jafarbegloo (MSc)3, Zahra Abedini4, Yaser tabarraei5
1. Instructor of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
2. Assistant Professor of General Surgery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
3. Instructor of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
4. Instructor of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
5. Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
Corresponding Author: yasertabarraie @yahoo.com, Tell: +98-0910-2911161
Abstract: Objectives: In this study we aimed to determine the effects of education and preparation on anxiety in women referring to mammography centers in Qom city. Methods: this study was a clinical trial. The study population were 160 women without a previous history of mammography, referring for performing mammography. Using simple sampling method, subjects were selected and were randomly assigned to case and control groups. In order to gather data, personal data questionnaire and Beck’s anxiety scale were utilized. Anxiety of these subjects was analyzed before and after the education and preparation intervention. Gathered data were analyzed using spss software and paired t test, independent sample t test, chi square, Mann-whitney and Wilcoxon tests. Level of significance was determined as being p<0.05.Results: Mean and average of anxiety score in case (education and preparation) group was 10.9±5.2 and 21.15±8.4 in control group, which was statistically significant (p<0.0001). Also study findings revealed that case group had less anxiety before mammography compared to the study beginning (p<0.0001); however, the control group had more anxiety after mammography compared to the study beginning.
Discussion: Considering the results of this study, we suggest that consultation and preparation education by different medical groups has been effective in reducing women during mammography.
[H. Ahmari Tehran, A. Kachoie, E. Jafarbegloo, Z. Abedini, Y. tabarraei. Effects of education and preparation on anxiety in women referring for mammography. Life Sci J 2013;10(4s):132-136] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 20
Keywords: education, preparation, anxiety, mammography.