A Comparison of the Pre-Competition and Post-Competition Anxiety Levels of Taekwondo Athletes
Behrouz Ghorbanzadeh1, Perican Bayar2
1Azarbaijan University of Shahid Madani, Physical Education and Sports School, Tabriz, Iran
2Ankara University Physical Education and Sports School, Ankara, Turkey
Abstract: A total of 468 taekwondo athletes, 231 females and 237 males, in the adult category, who had participated in the 2012 Turkish Taekwondo Championship; with an average age of 20.91 years (Sd=3.66) participated in the present research for the comparison of the pre-competition and post-competition anxiety levels of taekwondo athletes. The research was conducted using the survey technique of data collection and the competitive state anxiety inventory-2 (CSAI-2) (Martens, Burton, Vealey, Bump and Smith 1982) and it was used in the present research to measure the anxiety levels of the sportspeople. The Turkish implementation of the inventory was performed by Koruç (1998). Statistically significant difference cannot be found between the inventory scores of females and males who participated in the research according to their genders (P>0.05). Whether there was a significant difference between the inventory scores of sportspeople according to their ages was tested by one-way analysis of variance, and a statistically significant difference was found between the self-assessment scores of the taekwondo athletes measured 1 day before according to their ages (P<0.05). A significant difference was not found between the self-assessment scores of athletes measured 1 day before according to their sports ages (p>0.05). Consequently, it was observed that the cognitive and somatic anxiety scores of taekwondo athletes increased and their self-confidence scores decreased as the competition drew closer. After the competition, it was detected that the cognitive and somatic anxiety scores decreased and self-confidence scores increased. The anxiety levels of the taekwondo athletes increased just before the competition, but a decrease in anxiety was observed after the competition. Pre-competition and post-competition anxiety levels were found to have an effect on the success of the athletes. All in all, it was observed that the state anxiety measured by CSAI-2 showed pre-competition and post-competition changes and there was a change in anxiety cognition.
[Behrouz Ghorbanzadeh,Perican Bayar. A Comparison of the Pre-Competition and Post-Competition Anxiety Levels of Taekwondo Athletes. Life Sci J 2013;10(2):5-10] (ISSN:1097-8135).http://www.lifesciencesite.com.
Key Words: Taekwondo, Competition, State Anxiety, Cognitive Anxiety, Somatic Anxiety, Self-Confidence. t