Combined Effect of Electromagnetic Field and Therapeutic Exercises on Muscle Mass in Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Mohamed A. Eid and Mostafa S. Ali
Department of physical therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Najran University, Najran, Saudi Arabia. email@example.com
Abstract: Background/Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the combined effect of electromagnetic field and therapeutic exercises on lean muscle mass in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). Methods: Thirty children with polyarticular JRA were included in this study. Fifteen children represent study group and treated with electromagnetic field and therapeutic exercises and fifteen children represent control group and treated with therapeutic exercises only. Lean muscle mass was determined before and after six months of treatment. Results: Pre-treatment results of both groups indicate that mean lean muscle mass was 23975.2± 8152.21 gm. (mean ± SD) in control group and 24016.26 ± 7864.39 gm.in study group. There was no significant difference between both groups which indicate they were homogenous (p = 0.98). But post-treatment results showed that mean lean muscle mass was 24143.26 ± 8416.94 gm. in control group while that of study group was 27488.8 ± 7543.39 gm. which was significantly higher than the control group (p = 0.26). Conclusion: We conclude that treatment with electromagnetic field together with therapeutic exercises are effective in increasing lean muscle mass in children with polyarticular JRA than therapeutic exercises alone.
[Mohamed A. Eid and Mostafa S. Ali Combined Effect of Electromagnetic Field and Therapeutic Exercises on Muscle Mass in Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis. J Am Sci 2013;9(3): 22-27]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 4
Keywords: Lean muscle mass, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Electromagnetic field. Full Text 4