Family planning and gender equity in health, a trend of change during a decade in Iran
Samad Rouhani1, Fatemeh Abdollahi2, Shahin Almasi3
1. Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health; Psychiatry& Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran; Hospital Management Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2. Corresponding author; Lecturer, Department of Public Health, Mazndaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
3. Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Abstract: Where many studies have investigated the trend of change in the methods of family planning, but study about the change of couple's participation in the family planning programs is limited. A subject that attempts to be covered in this article. This is an exploratory-explanatory study. Using a self made checklist, the relevant data were extracted from the contents of family folders existing in the health centres of the district under study. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and K-squared test. The results of this study revealed that in the beginning of study period contraceptive pills were the most common methods of family planning among the females while in the end of study period there was a shift towards IUD. Also the results of this study have shown that the use of male condom was statistically significantly increased in the end of the decade in contrast to its beginning, but still females undertake the main role in the family planning programs. In addition to the use of more risky methods of family planning methods by females in contrast with methods used by males, females participate in the family planning programs several times more than the males do. The trend of change is towards the increased role of males in the family planning programs that could be an indicator of improvement in gender equity as well as improvement in the quality of family planning programs. More interventions are required to bust this trend.
[Rouhani S, Abdollahi F, Almasi S. Family planning and gender equity in health, a trend of change during a decade in Iran. Life Sci J 2013;10(4s):387-391] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 58
Keywords: Ahar; family planning; participation; equity; trend of change.