The Building Technique Features in Design of Arak Historical Monuments from Qajar Period
Yerevan State Academy of Fine Arts, Yerevan, Armenia
Abstract: Since Arak city has been built based on a pre-determined pattern, Therefore, not only in the steps of planning, urban design and architecture , but also in the stage of building techniques ,exclusive patterns have been designed and implemented by following the certain styles and considering the buildings typology. Building techniques in every group of architectural monuments have particular styles and can be extended to all buildings belonging to a group. Goal of the research is to identify the properties of building techniques in design of historical monuments in Arak from Qajar period including roof structure, types of arches, structural systems, combination of materials in wall, roof & floor, bearing, supporting elements and beams. Methodology of the study concentrates on the documentation, descriptive analysis of building techniques in historical monuments considering their classification. The combination of qualitative factors with quantitative factors for analysis of building techniques in monuments has been used. Conclusion of the study is presentation of classification about the building techniques separately for different groups of monuments including religious, public, residential, communal, memorial buildings & minor architectural forms.
[Ali Mashhadi. The Building Technique Features in Design of Arak Historical Monuments from Qajar Period Life Sci J 2013;10(1):776-781] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com.
Keywords: Building technique features, Historical monuments, Arak, Qajar.