The Relation between Anemia and Postpartum Depression in Pregnant Women Who Referred to Health and Medical Centers of Sanandaj in 2011-2012
Nursery and Midwifery Department, Nursery and Midwifery Faculty, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences,sanandaj,iran
Abstract: At reproductive age, women are prone to the risk of postpartum depression. This disease associates with serious complications for mother, baby, and family. The main cause of postpartum depression is unknown. In this regard, a large body of research is devoted to investigating the relation between psychological, social, and nutritional factors. The present study was aimed at determining the relation between women’s anemia and their postpartum depression. Materials and Methods:The study was analytic-descriptive (cross-sectional). It consisted of 400 women who referred to health and medical centers affiliated to Kurdistan University of Medical Science. Data collection was conducted through cluster sampling. Blood test and Edinburgh Depression Scale were applied to collect data. Blood sampling was carried out on the 7th postpartum day. Afterwards, Edinburgh Depression Scale was completed through interviewing on 28th day. The collected data were analyzed through SPSS 17.0 software. Results: Data analysis showed that the mean hemoglobin concentration in non-anemic group was 13.4±0.78 while for anemic group this figure was observed to be 9.75±0.71. This finding shows that in general 78.8% of participant women were depressed. The results showed that there was a significant relation between pregnant mothers’ anemia and their postpartum depression (p<0.005).Conclusion: Results showed that postpartum depression has a significant correlation with anemia intensity. Therefore, anemic women need more attention and are checked regarding their postpartum depression and treated if necessary.
[Ahdieh Parhizkar. The Relation between Anemia and Postpartum Depression in Pregnant Women Who Referred to Health and Medical Centers of Sanandaj in 2011-2012. Life Sci J 2013;10(7s): 308-312] (ISSN:1097-8135).http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 46
Keywords: anemia, postpartum depression