Assessment of Knowledge of Women about Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV in Gauteng, South Africa
Modiba Lebitsi Maud
Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, 0003, South Africa
Abstract: While there are a number of health challenges that contribute to these deaths, it is argued that HIV related illnesses account for a large proportion and that the most common route of HIV infection for children under the age of 5 years is through Mother-To-Child Transmission (MTCT). This study was conducted in a level three (according to the South African levels of maternity care i.e. it is a referral hospital) academic hospital in South Africa. Method: This is a qualitative, explorative and descriptive study and contextual. Aim: The purpose of the study is to assess the knowledge of pregnant women on the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. Fourteen women consented to participate in the study; two were used in the pilot study. The remaining twelve women who consented to participate in the study were interviewed, until saturation was reached. After, ten women were interviewed. The age of the participants varied between 18 and 32 years, six had primary education, four had secondary education and eight were employed. Results: Four themes were identified, these are; mixed knowledge of mother-to-child transmission, knowledge of infant feeding, knowledge of Caesarean section and termination of pregnancy, and knowledge of adoption. Discussions: The participants expressed hunger for knowledge on how to live with the diagnosis and on how to continue with the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme. Although, the participants reported that they were well counselled and that they were so overwhelmed by the diagnosis that they could not benefit from all the information they were given about the Prevention-of-Mother-To-Child-Transmission programme. The participants felt that they were given too much information on a short time, resulting in them being unable to internalise the results and information. The participants expressed a thirst for knowledge on how to live with the diagnosis and on how to continue with the PMTCT programme. Although, the participants reported that they were well counselled and that they were so overwhelmed by the diagnosis that they could not benefit from all the information they were given about the PMTCT Programme.
[Modiba LM. Assessment of Knowledge of Women about Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV in Gauteng, South Africa. Life Sci J 2013;10(1):2637-2641] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com.
Keywords: Prevention of mother to child transmission, HIV/AIDS, Caesarean section, South Africa.