Relationship between Serum Magnesium Levels With Incidence of Cardiac Arrhythmias in Non-diabetic and Type 2 Diabetes Patients Who Underwent Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG)
*Ahmad Ebadi1, Mohammad Ebadi², Saeid Ebadi², Shahram Baraz³, Firoozeh Karimi Pour 4 & Laleh barati5
1. Associate Professor of Cardiac Anesthesiology, MD, Department of Cardiac Anesthesiology,
Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapour University, Ahvaz, Iran.
2. MD, PHD, Semmelweis University,Tomo u. 25-29, Budapest H-1083, Hungary
3. PhD student at Ahvaz Jundishapour University, Ahvaz, Iran
4.Faculty at the University of Medicine Science Jahrom, Iran
5. The CVICU nurse at great hospital of oil
* Corresponding Author: Ebadi1959@ajums.ac.ir
Abstract: Introduction: Magnesium (mg) depletion plays a key role in the path physiology of diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, arrhythmia and cardiopulmonary bypass. ATRIAL and ventricular arrhythmias are among the most common complications after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Our objective was to detect the relationship between the level of magnesium and arrhythmia in non diabetic and diabetic patients who underwent CABG.Methods: In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, the plasma level of magnesium was measured in 434 diabetic patients who underwent CABG in NAFT Hospital of Ahwaz. Spectrophotometer was used to measure the plasma level of magnesium. Glycosylated of hemoglobin was also measured as a glycemic control index. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test. Results: The mean concentration of magnesium in type 2 diabetic patients in pre and post CABG was 1.68 ± .79 and 1.37 ±.26 (p = 000). The mean concentration of magnesium in non diabetic patients in pre and post CABG was 2.53 ±1.9 and 1.93 ±.6 (p = 0.39). There were significant negative correlation (p =0.037) between levels of Mg and arrhythmia, in other hand there was significant positive correlation between levels of Mg and HbA1c (p =. 004). Conclusion: According to the results of this and previous studies, we recommend routine serum Mg determination and more attention to hypomagnesaemia patients to prevent further complications.
[A. Ebadi, M. Ebadi, S. Ebadi, Sh. Baraz, F. Karimi Pour & L. barati. Relationship between Serum Magnesium Levels With Incidence of Cardiac Arrhythmias in Non-diabetic and Type 2 Diabetes Patients Who Underwent Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG). Life Sci J 2012;9(1):20-24] (ISSN: 1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 3
Key word: magnesium, diabetic, arrhythmia, CABG