The Role a
The Role and Position of Ethics in Politics: In View of Islam and Islamic Scholars
Ehsan Mirzahosseini 1, Ebrahim Yaghobi 2
1. Assistant and Faculty member of Islamic Azad University, Ilam Branch, ,Iran
2.Professor of Islamic Azad University, Ilam and Bahktar Branch, Farhangian University, Ilam, Iran and PhD Student of Yerevan State University, Armenia
Abstract: This article examines the view of Islam on the role and position of ethics in politics. It offers lexical definitions of ethics and politics. It briefly explains the relation of religion and ethics before entering into detailed discussions of the four logical relations between ethics and politics, namely, homogeneity, incongruity, inclusivity, and severability. This paper explains what’s and why's of the relation between ethics and politics based on the existing theories offered by the scholars of both fields. The theories included are: the separation of ethics and politics, adherence of ethics and politics, duality of ethics, and unity of ethics and politics. These theories are examined in details as a pretext to open the substantiated discussions for the political and ethical principles of Islam. Further discussions include Moslem scholars' views and theories of how ethics and politics relate to each other. By extending ethics into politics as subscribed by Islam, this paper concludes that association and agreement between ethics and politics have always been considered throughout the history. Early political scholars believed that politics had significant direct relation with the virtue and purpose of ethics which ensure bliss in life and afterlife. In spite of inverse interpretations offered by some misguided erudite, Islam subscribes to appropriate politics as the proper and expedient governance of social functions based on ethical principles and values. As ethics is flawed without a strong belief in God and God's revelations, a binding association between politics and ethics can guarantee a balanced material and moral progress, driving societies toward the ultimate accomplishments.
[Ehsan Mirzahosseini, Ebrahim Yaghobi. The Role and Position of Ethics in Politics: In View of Islam and Islamic Scholars. Life Sci J 2013;10(1):1561-1570] (ISSN: 1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com.
Keywords: Ethics, Politics, Islam, Governance, Ethics versus Politics