The Validity Of Ghq-28, Bsi And Mmpi Tests In Mental Heath Status Of Students
H. Akbari1, H. Zeraati1 , K. Mohammad1, M. Mahmoodi farahani1, A. Omidi2
1. Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2. Dept. of clinical Physiology, school of Medicine, Kashan University Of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
Corresponding Author: H. Zeraati, Tel/Fax: +98- 21- 88989126-7, Email: email@example.com
Abstract: Background: There are different methods for screening and diagnosis of mental disorders. But those test's results are misclassified. This study evaluated the accuracy of the results of GHQ-28 test, BSI and MMPI questionnaires, and it used of clinical for screening and comparing of the results. Material and methods: This study was conducted on students of kashan university of medical science in 2011-12. Measurement instruments were GHQ-28, BSI and MMPI questionnaires. Each student's scores were calculated for all three of questionnaires, and students were classified, then 150 students were selected from vulnerable and healthy ones and clinical psychologist interviewed by CIDI. Data analyzed by Roc curve and participants were divided to positive and negative groups, in next step, for comparing of the frequency of positive cases in the three test, McNemar's test was used. Standard scores (t & z) and paired t test were used for comparing of between test's scores. Also, spearman coefficient correlations were calculated. Result: Clinical psychologist interviewed to 145 individuals of 983 participants (57.2% were normal). Based on clinical diagnosis, sensitivity and specificity for GHQ-28 was 69.4%, 68.7%, for BSI was 75.8%, 69.9% and for MMPI was 75.8%, 67.5% respectively. According to GHQ-28, BSI and MMPI tests, respectively, 37.9%, 41.1% and 44.8% of cases was suspected to having mental disorders, corrected classification of GHQ-28 with BSI was 73% and GHQ-28 with MMPI was 71.4% and MMPI with BSI was 71.7%. Conclusion: Power of predictability of tests were relatively high and MMPI test had the highest sensitivity and specificity .Overall, this study showed there are a relatively high correlation between the three rests in the diagnosis of mental heath.
[H. Akbari, H. Zeraati, K. Mohammad, M. Mahmoodi farahani, A. Omidi. The Validity Of Ghq-28, Bsi And Mmpi Tests In Mental Heath Status Of Students. Life Sci J 2013;10(4s):314-319] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 46
KEYWORDS: mental heath, clinical interview, GHQ-28, BSI, MMPI.