Perception of Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior of Hand Hygiene among Nurses in the EmergencyDepartment at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital in Makkah Al Mukaramah
Prof. Youssreya Ibrahim*, Dr. Hanan Said Ali**, and Dr. EsraaEsamEldin Mohamed**
*, **Faculty of Nursing, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah Al-Mukaramah, KSA.
* Faculty of Nursing, Al Masoura University, ** Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University
Abstract: Background: Hand washing is the single most important preventive measure for reducing nosocomial infections, however, nurses frequently do not wash their hands in emergency departments. Aim: This study was carried out to assess nurses’ knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding hand washing between patient contact in the emergency department of the above hospital. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted including a convenience sample of 60 staff nurses in the emergency department at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital in Makkah Al-Mukaramah. Data were collected through a predesigned questionnaire to assess nurses’ knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding hand washing. Results: The results of the present study revealed that more than half of the subjects have a satisfactory knowledge and positive attitude towards hand hygiene. There is a statistically significant relationship between the nurses’ gender and their knowledge,and there is also a statistically significant relationship between the nurses’ formal training in hand hygiene in the last three years and their knowledge, attitude, and behavior. Conclusion and recommendations: The nurses’ knowledge, attitude, and behavior towards hand hygiene in the emergency department (ED) need to be improved by the educational and program approach. Based on the findings of the study, the researchers recommend providing written guidelines about hand hygiene for all healthcare providers and introducing and demonstrating hand hygiene protocols to all caregivers.
[Youssreya Ibrahim , Hanan Said Ali, andEsraaEsamEldin Mohamed. Perception of Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior of Hand Hygiene among Nurses in the EmergencyDepartment at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital in Makkah Al Mukaramah. J Am Sci 2013;9(6):499-508]. (ISSN:1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 62
Keywords: Nursing, Hand hygiene, knowledge, Behavior, Attitudes, Emergency Department. Full Text 62