Applying Integrated Ground- And Surface- Water Management (Case Study: Nubaryia Basin, West Delta, Egypt)
El Arabi N. E. 1 and Morsy W.S. 2
1 Prof. Dr., Director of Research Institute for Groundwater, National Water Research Center, El- Kanater El- Khairya, Egypt.
2 Researcher, Research Institute for Groundwater, National Water Research Center, El-Kanater El-Khairiya Egypt.
Corresponding Author: Wedad_Morsy@yahoo.com Tel: 01226624326
Abstract: This research was initiated with the objective of evaluating the current water potential and predicting the future groundwater potential till 2020in order to solve the shortage of water problems, especially in the ends of the Nubaryia Canal and its branches. A numerical Groundwater flow model MODFLOW package was employed to study the aquifer system of the Nubaryia Basin after calibrating it against historical groundwater heads that were observed during the last 18 years. The study area was divided into seven sub surface areas (zones) with the help of geographic information system (GIS). Confident with the calibration process, the model was used to simulate three different development scenarios to determine the safe withdrawals locations and quantities. The results indicated that the region is promising in terms of the presence of groundwater and the sustainable recovery of groundwater levels throughout the prediction period. Accordingly, it was recommended to drill wells to solve the shortage of water in the study area.
[El Arabi N. E. and Morsy W.S. Applying Integrated Ground- and Surface- Water Management (Case Study: Nubaryia Basin, West Delta, Egypt). J Am Sci 2013;9(6):43-53]. (ISSN: 1545-1003).http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 6
Keywords: Integrated management, Mathematical model, Ground and surface water, Potential zones, Nubaryia basin. Full Text 6