Pharmacological properties of medicinal herbs by focus on secondary metabolites
1. Hamed Haddad Kashani, 2. Elahe Seyed Hoseini, 3 Hosein Nikzad*, 4.Mohammadm Hossein Aarabi
Anatomical Sciences Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran¹, 3; Research Center for Sciences and Biotechnology, Lavizan, Tehran. Iran; 2Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran4. * Nikzad_h@kaums.ac.ir
Abstract: Use of herbs based drugs and chemicals for treating various diseases are as old as human civilization. Herbs have vast ability to synthesize aromatic materials mainly secondary metabolites. Herbs and herbs-based therapies are the source of various modern pharmaceuticals. In many cases, these herbal materials serve as defensive molecules against microorganisms, insects, and herbivores. Further, some of which may involve in plant aroma (terpenoids), pigmentation (tannins and quinines), and flavor (ginger). The aim of this review was to study of secondary metabolites and bioactive chemical constituents of medicinal herbs and their pharmacological activity. Regarding our purpose we searched at Pub Med, MEDLINE, CNKI, EMBASE, Wiley Inter Science, Elselvier databases without language limitation. In this sense we applied different words related to herbal therapy, pharmacology, secondary metabolites and phytochemistry.
[Hamed Haddad Kashani, Elahe Seyed Hoseini, Hosein Nikzad, Mohammad Hossein Aarabi. Pharmacological properties of medicinal herbs by focus on secondary metabolites. Life Sci J 2012;9(1):509-520]. (ISSN: 1097-8135).http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 77
Keywords: Pharmacology; medicie; herb; metabolite Full Text 77