Textbook Content Transformation: Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) Approach
Mohd Nazri Abdul Rahman, Norlidah Alias, Saedah Siraj & Dorothy DeWitt
Department of Curriculum and Instructional Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Malaya
50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Abstract: Textbook in Malaysia is not limited to serve only as a source for curricular document but as the main source of materials to inculcate societal values, philosophy and national identity in realising national aspirations. Thus the purpose of the research is to produce a Textbook Content Transformation Model in Malaysia as a guide for quality enhancement, design and content organising in textbook writing. This research uses ISM as a process for model development and to map the relation between elements involved in textbook content transformation. The research has established a complex system into a few subsystems using practical experience and expert knowledge. The expert group with 112 respondents consisting of 60 subject matter experts (expert teacher, textbook writer and evaluator), 12 lecturers from Malaysian teachers training institutes, 12 university lecturers, 30 officers from Textbook Division and Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka from all over Malaysia participated in building the Multilevel Structural Model. The expert group achieved consensus on 10 elements of textbook content transformation that need to be implemented in modular content shape; multiple intelligence; application of moral values; socio-cultural element; pupils ethos element; real picture; visual presentation; adjustable language; problem-solving centred and latest and solid facts. The research findings will accommodate textbook writers by providing guidelines for writing textbook contents based on priority.
[Mohd. Nazri Abdul Rahman, Norlidah Alias, Saedah Siraj & Dorothy DeWitt. Textbook Content Transformation: Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) Approach. Life Sci J 2013;10(1):1736-1745] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com.
Keywords: Text Book; Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM); Multilevel Structural Model