The investigation of the influence of seed and weeds management on the performance and performance components of mungbean in Khoramabad
Department of agriculture, Payame Noor University of Iran, Iran
Abstract: Grain legumes are the most important protein resources in arid and semi-arid regions in the world and had important role in the economy of these regions (Tasfi etal.2006), mungbean was belonging to phaseolae, groupphaseolinae, the family of fabiacea and one of the important members of vigna. Vigna radiate is a fine grained legume, summer and short day that is cultivated as non-irrigated in central and south east centers of Asia (Dikasta et al., 1999). As Iran is located in arid and semi-arid regions and the shortage of water in these regions, there is the probability of dryness tension in all plants growth stages. The cultivation of plants with short growth as Vigna radiate can be useful in these regions. Vigna radiate due to the ability to fix nitrogen, short growth time and high performance potential is one of the most common plants that is used in cultivation systems of grains (Parsa and Baqeri, 2008). Vigna radiate is one of the valuable grains full of phosphor. Mungbeanis rich with protein and it has about 25% protein that is used as complete, divided or flour. Compared to new species (various kinds of beans) is digestible and delicious. Green sprouts of mungbean are full of vitamin C, riboflavin and thiamin and is used in providing most of the salads and foods. Cultivation of mungbean as green fertilizer is common and is legume has azoth fixation ability, it is useful in avoiding the soil erosion. Due to short growth period, it is useful for cultivation alternatives in compressive cultivations. In Iran, due to short growth period, mungbean is cultivated after harvesting wheat or barley. By applying cultivation managements we can change the morphological attributes of the plant. If these changes are related to the effective attributes on the performance and its optimization, the performance is increased. Determining the best cultivation density is of great importance in planning to achieve high performance and good quality. One of eh factors affecting the vegetation and attraction of sun is plant density. The distribution and density of the bushes affect the attraction of effective factors on the growth and inside and outside completion of the bush and it is one of the determining factors of seed performance. On the other hand, the competition of weeds is one of the factors reducing the production of cultivation plants. The increase of the cultivation density reduces the adverse effects of the completion of weeds. There is no information about the effect of cultivation density and the competition of weeds on the performance and performance components of mungbean in Khoram Abad condition. Thus, the current study is done to achieve these data and determining the best cultivation density in weeding and interference of weeds in climatic conditions of Khoramabad.
[Hadis Zaremanesh. The investigation of the influence of seed and weeds management on the performance and performance components of mungbean in Khoramabad. Life Sci J 2013;10(1):476-480]. (ISSN: 1097-8135).http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 75
Keywords: Speed; Weeds; Management. Full Text 75