Training Program to Improve Knowledge and Performance for Nurses Working with Psychiatric Patients
Rehab Fathy Abdel Hady Ghaith(1) ; Sorayia Ramadan Abd El-Fattah (2) Youser Mohammed Elmasri (3)Manal Mohamed El-Kayal (4)
(1) Department of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Zagazig University.
(2) Department of Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing Ain Shams University.
(3) Department of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University.
(4 Department of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Zagazig University.
Abstract: Schizophrenia is the most common of the severe mental illnesses. Working with chronic and severely mentally ill people is challenging. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of training program on knowledge and performance of nurses working with psychiatric patients. A quasi-experimental study was conducted at Benha Governmental Hospital for Mental Health on a sample of 60 nurses working with schizophrenic patients. Data were collected using a knowledge questionnaire and a performance checklist before and after implementation of a training program. The results revealed that psychiatric nurses' knowledge about schizophrenia is deficient, while they have better knowledge of their role with psychiatric patients. Also, their performance seems to be more authoritative rather than considering patients' views. The implementation of the training program is effective in improving their knowledge and their performance, which showed general decreases in the scores of communicating own perception and increases in the scores of changing patient view. The changes in nurses' post-program knowledge and performance scores are influenced by some of their personal characteristics as age, gender, qualification, experience years, previous work in psychiatric hospital, and feeling satisfied with work in psychiatric nursing. Hence, the program achieved its goal of improving nurses' knowledge and performance. The study recommends adoption of the developed program and further research to assess the effectiveness of combined nursing and patients family interventions in the management of psychiatric patients.
[Rehab Fathy Abdel Hady Ghaith; Sorayia Ramadan Abd El-Fattah; Youser Mohammed Elmasri and Manal Mohamed El-KayaL. Training Program to Improve Knowledge and Performance for Nurses Working with Psychiatric Patients. J Am Sci 2013;9(3):229-236]. (ISSN: 1545-1003).http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 31
Keywords: Schizophrenia, Nursing, Knowledge, Performance.