Headache in Sch
Headache in School Age Children and Its Possible Related Expected Predisposing Factors: An Assessment Study
1Safaa Salah Ismail and 2Afaf Salah Abed El-Mohsen.
1Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Helwan University.
2Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Helwan University.
Abstract: Background: Headache is a common symptom with a high prevalence in most epidemiological studies. It is one of the 10 most common reasons for outpatient physician visits. Headaches are common in children and the prevalence increases with increasing age. The aim of the study: was to find out the prevalence of headache among school age children and study different attributes associated with headaches in Ain Helwan district. Method:Descriptive research design was carried out at primary, preparatory and secondary public schools in Ain Helwan district.Subjects: included 378 school age children 10-17 years, from both gender. Sample: A simple random sample was recruited, utilizing the non-probability sampling technique. Tool: The researchers utilized self-administered interview sheet to collect data in relation to personal information of the studied sample, their eating habits, and life style pattern. Data were collected in the period from beginning of March 2011 till the end of April 2011. Results: revealed that, out of 378, students 221 were complaining from headache (58.5%). No statistically significant differences were detected between middle childhood and late childhood students regarding dizziness during car riding, sensitivity to certain smile, extreme noise, in addition to intensity of headache that increases with climbing stairs, sport, cough, change body posture, activity, teeth or gums’ pain, ear problems, nervousness, vision problems and taking vitamins or drugs. Less than three quarters of sample had inadequate or irregular sleep (72.4%) and there were highly statistically significant differences between middle childhood and late childhood students regarding inadequate or irregular sleep and eating chocolate or cheese, skipping meals, drinking caffeine, staying long time in front of TV or computer, ingestion of cold drink or ice cream, smoking, and complying of any unhealthy condition. More than three quarters of the studied sample showed clinical manifestations of headache in stabbing pain followed by pressing headache (83.7% & 77.8 % respectively). Results revealed adverse effects of headache through scholastic achievement, school attendance and daily activity with no significant differences. Conclusion: Headache represents a common disabling health problem among school age children in Ain Helwan district with a prevalence rate of 58.4%. In general, the prevalence of headache increases with age and it is higher in males than females. Stress following staying long time in front of TV or computer was the most common precipitating factor for headache in the study. Recommendation: Health education of the parents and children about the precipitating factors which triggers for headache, and increasing awareness about healthy life style, and early diagnosis and treatment of headache are recommended to avoid its drawbacks on child health and school performance.
[Safaa Salah Ismail and Afaf Salah Abed El-Mohsen. Headache in School Age Children and Its Possible Related Expected Predisposing Factors: An Assessment Study] Life Sci J 2012;9(1):617-627]. (ISSN: 1097-8135).http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 91
Key words: Headache, school age children Full Text 91