The Architectural Features of Facades in Arak Historical Monuments from Qajar Period
Yerevan State Academy of Fine Arts, Yerevan, Armenia
Abstract: The aim of constructing Arak city was to have a military base and a center for monitoring the region in Qajar period so the city was surrounded by some high walls and gates in different directions which showed the military based outer facade of the city. The city hasn’t been built gradually and it was not a village which turns to town. The main city was built in a very short time period and based on the map so the facades had been designed in old fabric of Arak based on the geometric principles. Goal of the research is to identify the architectural properties of facades in design of historical monuments in Arak from Qajar period including axis, hierarchy, compositional center, proportion, module, connection, symmetry & repetition. Methodology of the study concentrates on the documentation, descriptive and architecture analysis of facades in historical monuments considering their classification. The combination of qualitative factors with quantitative factors for analysis of monuments has been used. Conclusion of the study is presentation of the architectural characteristics of facades, separately for different groups including religious, public, residential, communal, memorial buildings & minor architectural forms.
[Ali Mashhadi. The Architectural Features of Facades in Arak Historical Monuments from Qajar Period.Life Sci J 2013;10(1):756-761] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com.
Keywords: Architectural features, Facade, Historical monuments, Arak, Qajar