Work-Related Violence among Female Employees in a University Hospital in Alexandria: An Epidemiologic Study
Mona Shawki Moustafa1, and Gihan Ismail Gewaifel2
1 Industrial Medicine and Occupational Health, Department of Community Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt.
2 Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt.
Abstract: Violence is one of the most prevailing and dangerous occupational hazards facing health care workers (HCWs) notably female HCWs. Recently, violence became a major concern in different Egyptian hospitals notably after the 25th of January revolution and bursting increase demand on hospitals.Objectives: to determine prevalence of workplace violence in the last 12 months prior to the survey and its risk factors among female employees at the Main University Hospital in Alexandria, Egypt. Subjects and methods: A cross sectional interviewing survey was conducted in The Main University Hospital in Alexandria from 1st of August 2011 till 1st April 2012 targeting 540 female HCWs. Results: Prevalence of violence incidents was (72.6%) among female HCWs. Verbal violence (70.7%) was the most common form encountered among female HCWs followed by physical (17.4%) and sexual violence (2.2%). Female HCWs exposed to violence were significantly younger than those who did not experience violence (P=0.048). Being single constituted risk for violence (OR=4.18, CI: 2.23-7.94) so as the positive history of exposure to violence at home (OR=2.6, CI: 1.7-4.1), engaging in rotating shifts (OR=2.2 CI: 1.5-3.4). Long-term impact of exposure to violence was in the form of arguments with colleagues (97.4%), dissatisfaction with current job (73.5%), depression (38.8%), and negative effects on social life (28.5%) and on job performance (19.4%). Conclusion: Violence is prevalent among female HCWs in Main University Hospital, Alexandria. Special attention should be directed to control violence against young single nurses in rotating shifts specially who had history of exposure to violence.
[Mona Shawki Moustafa and Gihan Gowaifel. Work-Related Violence among Female Employees in a University Hospital in Alexandria: An Epidemiologic Study. J Am Sci 2013;9(3):243-250]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.americanscience.org. 33
Keywords: violence, female, health care workers, hospital, occupational health. Full Text 33