The oldest known use of bandage refers to Sumeria (2100.b.c)
The Egyptians have used natural adhesive bandages as early as 4.000 years ago for various medical application. The Bandage can be woven, knitted , nonwoven and elastic or non-elastic .
Classification of bandage
Domette bandage consists of plain weave fabric in which the warp threads are cotton and the weft threads are wool Woven cotton rolled bandage have several disadvantages, they don’t stretch, low absorbency and they ravel under stress . Nonwoven Bandages made of polyester or polypropylene with blends of natural and other synthetic fiber are used for orthopaedic uses .
2-Stretch (elastic) bandages
Stretch bandages can be made by twisted yarns or elastic yarns and by using knitted or woven structures. Woven stretch bandages are referred to as crepe bandage. Knitted stretch bandages are normally produced as tubes. Elastic bandages are used for sprained wrist and ankle support. Elasticity can also be obtained by using two warp beams during weaving, one under normal tension and the other under high tension. This bandage type is available in various diameters and is used for holding a dressing on a finger or limb to provide support and comfort.
Compression bandages are used to exert a certain amount of compression for the treatment and prevention of deep thrombosis, leg ulceration and varicose veins, depending on the compression they provide. Compression bandages are classified as light, moderate, high and extra- high compression bandages, they can be woven, warp, or weft knitted. Compression bandage may be made of pure cotton, matt, bright viscose rayon, polyamide, elastomeric and rubber filaments .
4-Open- weave bandage
Open – weave bandage consists of cotton cloth of plain weave. It is similar to gauze in structure, It is a porous, disposable… strip of cotton fabric of one continuous length containing no joints, clean, and reasonably free from weaving defects. Band- ages are normally supplied in widths of 2 cm, 3 cm, 5 cm, and 7 cm, and in length of three to five meters. Open – weave bandage cloth is most often used to protect dressings , hold them in place and to give them support .