The Contributing Factors Associated with Breastfeeding duration in Iranian Mothers, 2012
1Dept. of midwifery, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
2Dept.of Pediatrics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract: Background and objective: Breast milk is an ideal nutrient for newborn babies not only during infancy to ensure health, but also in adulthood to reduce the risk of many chronic diseases. Since there are different breastfeeding patterns in every society, the present research was conducted to find out the contributing factors associated with breastfeeding duration in Iranian mothers, 2012. Methodology: In this analytical-descriptive cross-sectional study, a total of 1400 mothers with children of one to three years old (700 girls and 700 boys), who had visited the medical and healthcare centers in Zanjan for their 1-3 year medical care, were randomly selected through cluster random sampling. The data was collected by a questionnaire including individual characteristics and information about the mothers, their children, and feeding with breast milk. Data analysis was done using descriptive-inferential statistics and SPSS. At the first stage, Chi-Square Test, Fischer’s Exact Test and ANOVA were used for unvaried analysis. At the next stage, the multiple logistic regression analysis was employed. Findings: According to the results, the mean of lactation period was 14±1.8 months and 58% of the mothers had begun breastfeeding their children at the first half-hour after childbirth. Moreover, 34% of the mothers had continued exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months. At 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after childbirth, the breastfeeding rates were 90, 60, 45, 34 and 5 percent respectively. In this study, the lactation period had a significant relationship with mother’s knowledge (p<0.0001), attitude (p<0.001), age (p<0.001) and the time supplementary feeding was started (p<0.001). Conclusion: According to the results, various factors contribute to the lactation period, which could be extended by planning and taking great measures for improvement.
[Shakeri M., Mojtahedi Y., Rostamkhani F., Moghadam R. The Contributing Factors Associated withBreastfeeding duration in Iranian Mothers, 2012. Life Sci J 2013;10(1):1312-1316] (ISSN: 1097-8135).http://www.lifesciencesite.com.
Keywords: Breastfeeding, Mothers, Lactation period.