A survey on relati
A survey on relationship between lung spirometry indices and characteristic features among clients referred to TOHID hospital in city of SANANDAJ in 2011
Nasrin Aliramaei 1, Kian Zobeiry2, Syamak Vahedi3,Rahim Yousefpor4, Ghader Salehnejad5, Fariba Farhadifar*6
1Lecturer- Nursing and Midwifery Faculty. MSc (member of scientific board of faculty nursing and midwifery). Kurdistan University of Medical Science.
2Medical Student. Tehran University of Medical Science-Tehran
3Assistant Professor of Medical Internist. Kurdistan University of medical science
4MD-medical Internist. Kurdistan University of medical science
5MSc (member of scientific board of faculty nursing and midwifery). Kurdistan University of medical science.
*6MD.Associated professor of OBG GYN. social determinant of health research center Kurdistan University of medical science ( SDHC-MUK)
*Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Introduction: Regular check – UPS are good tools to assess individual risk factors. Conditions affecting the lower respiratory tract ranging from acute to chronic problems threaten the life of patients. It is reported that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as the fifth cause of death in united states of America. Considering that the pulmonary patients are the most abundant patients referring to medical centers, lung function assessment tests including spirometry do have a key position in the diagnostic and treatment process. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the relation between spirometric indices and characteristic features in clients referred to TOHLD hospital in SANANDAJ city in Kurdistan, IRAN. Method: The study was a descriptive analytical one. The statistical population was all patients referred to the spirometry unit in TOHID hospital in SANANDAJ. Census and purposive sampling method was used in 400 patients with respiratory problems and self made questionnaires were used to specify characteristic features. After measuring the height, weight, age and sex of the clients and recording the data's in a computer connected to a spirometer, a respiratory test based on ASP criteria's was performed for all patients in the early hours (9Am – 12MD) in a sitting position. The results were analyzed using spss software (using analysis of variance tests, x2 tests and Pearson correlation coefficient). Results: Study 400 samples, using chi – square test shows a statistically significant difference between males and females. Also 32 percent of the samples had poor economic status 37.6% were suffering from dyspnea of breath, 25.1% had cough and 19.4% sputum and 17.9% had wheezing. Among those with FEV1/FVC less than 70%, 6.8% had lung obstruction (74.1% server, 22.2% moderate and 3.7% mild), and those with FEV1/FVC over 70%, 35.7% showed FVC above 80% and normal spirometry. Discussion: Results showed that in patients with respiratory problem with obstructive spirometric pattern, lowest percentage (3.7%) related to the age group 31-40 years, and the largest percentage (29/6%) belonged to the age group older than 70 years, while in restrictive breathe pattern the maximum percentage belonged to the age group 60-51 years, and with p=0.000 spirometric results showed significant correlation. So with increasing age, we see growth in obstructive pulmonary disease. Other studies confirm this finding. Spirometry is one of the most important tools of lung disease screening. Also educating the patient and his/her family is an important component in planning treatment for all lower respiratory system problems.
[Nasrin Aliramaei, Kian zobeiry, Syamak vahedi,Rahim yousefpor, Ghader Salehnejad, Fariba farhadifar. A survey on relationship between lung spirometry indices and characteristic features among clients referred to TOHID hospital in city of SANANDAJ in 2011. Life Sci J 2013;10(4s):75-83] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 11
Keywords: Spirometry indices – respiratory problems – personal characteristic feature