Achieving Optimum Scientific Standards for Producing Fabrics Suitable for Protecting Against Hazardous Chemical Liquids
Ibrahim, G. E.;1 Abdel-motaleb A.F 2 and Mahmoud, E.R3.
1 Faculty of Education – Zilfi, AL-Majma'ah University
2,3 Spinning, Weaving and Knitting Department, Faculty of Applied Arts, Helwan University, Egypt
Abstract: Occupational exposure of the skin to toxic chemicals is a recognized health problem so chemical protective clothing is considered the most important line of defense to the worker who is exposed to the hazardous chemicals. This research aims to produce fabrics suitable for protecting against hazardous liquids (accidental splashes of chemicals). All samples under study were produced cotton and cotton /polyester 50/50.Three weft sets were used 24, 27 and 30 picks /cm and three fabric structure (plain weave 1/1, twill 2/2 and satin 4). Samples were coated, on one face, with transol F L 20 to make the fabric repellent and a barrier to Protect against hazardous chemical liquids. Their influence on the performance of the end-use fabric and the achieved properties were studied. On the other hand physic-chemical properties including, studying the effect of some hazardous liquids chemicals using Gutter method, tensile strength and elongation, water absorption, roughness, thickness and weight were evaluated according to the final product needs. Some more results were reached concerning structures and materials. Most samples have achieved the expected results.
[Ibrahim, G. E.; Abdel-Motaleb A. F and Mahmoud E. R Achieving Optimum Scientific Standards for Producing Fabrics Suitable for Protecting Against Hazardous Chemical Liquids. Life Sci J 2013;10(1):342-353]. (ISSN: 1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 56
Key Words: Protective textiles - chemical protective clothing (CPC) - coated fabrics - breathable coated fabrics