Flat braids are made in the form of a flat strip or tape .In flat braiding, instead of following two continuous paths, the carriers turn around or reverse direction at two given points called terminals and then continue on the opposite track, the track does not complete a circle , the size of braid is governed by the following factors .
1-The number of carriers
Tubular braiders have an even number of carriers, and flat braiders usually have an odd number of carriers, the minimum number of carriers is three, which gives a basic diamond braids similar to girls plaited hair .
2-The diameter of the yarns .
3-The number of yarns per unit length .Three dimensional braiding is relatively new compared to two – dimensional braiding