Incontinence and h
Incontinence and hygiene products
Incontinence is normally regarded as a problem of the very young , the very old and the disabled or bedridden . There are number of incontinence suffer of all ages , the main problem is that of urinary incontinence with stress (caused by laughing, sneezing extertion or emotional upset ). Product designs need to meet the different levels of incontinence according to different levels of activity from fully active to chair bound or bedridden. Incontinence protection must not leak, or cause discomfort or skin irritation to the patient .
The types of nappies or diapers vary greatly through out the world from reusable cloth to the modern disposable type. ( Disposable diapers and similar have been manufactured using one or more layers of cellulose tissue which makes the diaper relatively stiff . Reusable nappy is made from woven terry cloth which is a woven, warp-pile cotton fabric coverd on both sides with uncut loops . The cloth can vary in thickness and weight according to the thickness and quality of the yarn used and the density of the structure . Reusable nappies need to be changed ,washed and dried.
Reusable napes can be classed into :
1-One layer diaper
One-layer diaper has the problem that all the moisture stays evenly distributed through the diaper so that a high amount of urine remains in direct contact with the baby’sskin and can cause diaper rash.
2-Multi layer diaper
Multi-layer diaper using 100% cotton for skin contact layer and synthetic nonabsorbent layer of polyester or equivalent to provide a wicking action to draw and hold moisture away from the skin.
3-A five –layers diaper
A five layers construction present the deal balance of comfort .The first layer is an interior shell of 100% cotton , The second layer is 100% synthetic nonwoven bonded mono-filament which allows moisture to pass through to the lower layers , the third layer is a 100% cotton wetting pad for maximum additional absorbency with minimum bulk , next is a layer of terry cloth in a cotton/ polyester blend , for extra absorbency . The fifth layer five is also a terry cloth of similar blend to give a panty-like dressed appearance .