Operating room wov
-Operating room woven apparel
Normal operating room apparel comprises a scrub suit, consisting of trousers and short sleeved tunic, or a dress; which is clean but normally sterile and will normally be worn all day. Woven cotton has the advantages of being easy to launder and sterilize and relatively comfortable to wear, all fabric used for operation – room apparel must have antistatic properties.
Nurse’s apparel is made of conventional fabrics since no specific requirement is needed other than comfort and durability. These fabrics consist of tissue reinforced with a polyester or polypropylene spun- laid web. (5)
Woven cotton fabrics are traditionally used in some surgical gowns because cotton does not produce static electrical charges that can build up and produce electric sparks, however it may release particles from the surgeon and also generate high levels of dust. The general requirements for surgical gowns include liquid repellency, bacterial barrier properties, and flame resistance, static safety and toxicity (6). The fabrics should also be sufficiently flexible, adequate strength, tear resistance and comfort (7)
Drapes are used in the operating room to cover patients and the area around him to reduce the risk of the wound becoming contaminated. (6) Drapes are made from woven cotton or linen, and usually supplied cut to a variety of different shapes appropriate to different surgical procedures and contain an opening according to the position of the surgical site. (5) The general requirements for surgical drapes include liquid repellency, bacterial barrier, conformability, tactile softness, strength, lint propensity , abrasion resistance, flame resistance, static safety and non toxicity .(6)
The bedding is used in the sence of body whose breath is large in comparison with its thickness, the flexible web may be woven or laid down as a nonwoven fabric. It is preferred that the web be permeable to aid the deposition besides that it can allow access of air to the encased limb .The web most preferably has a porous structure and in the case of woven or non- woven fabrics, the porosity of the web may be conditioned by the method of manufacture, so that this particular characteristic may be predetermined to insulate the burned tissues of the patient form being exposured to air and become contaminated.( 8)
A swab is an absorbent textile pad used in general surgery to prepare the site of the operation, to absorb excess blood and body fluids, to pack body cavities during surgery and to clean the incision prior to suturing .The traditional swab which is made of cotton gauze suffers from disadvantages despite its widespread use. The advantages of traditional swabs, in particular are their high absorbency and non linting properties (5).
Towel must have high absorptive capacity and excellent drying ability with minimum of moisture strike through. Surgeon may have from about 15 to about30 grams, of water remaining on his hands and arms after the scrubbing operation, this towel has an absorptive capacity of about 4 to about7 gramsof water and weights. The towel must be demonstrating excellent abrasion resistance, strength, sturdiness and at the same time it must be soft (8)