The Effect of Stru
The Effect of Structural and Psychological Empowerment on Occupational Burnout in Staff Nurses Working in Shebin El-Kom Hospitals, Menoufiya Governernate, Egypt
Mervat Ebrahim Aly El Dahshan1 and Laila Shehata Dorgham2-3
1 Department of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufiya University.
2 Department of Public Health, National Liver Institute, Menoufiya University.
3Department of Preparatory Year, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University.
Abstract: Burnout is defined as a phenomenon that is of interest for both individuals and organizations, is characterized by decreasing energy, power and resources in the presence of excessive demands. It is one of the factors which influence the efficiency and productivity of the workers and staff in every field. Nurses are more prone to develop burnout due to both the emotional nature of their jobs as well as patients' demand. Aim: The aim of this research was to examine the effect of perceived structural and psychological empowerment and the levels of occupational burnout among staff nurses working in Shebin El-Kom Hospitals. Subject and Methods:Descriptive correlation research design was used in this study. The study was conducted in two selected hospitals, Menoufiya University Hospital and Shebin El-Kom Teaching Hospital. A convenient sample of staff nurses (125) working in (Critical Care units, Hemodialysis units and burn units) within the two hospitals was selected. Three standardized questionnaires were used to measure the variables in this study from nurses' point of view: Psychological Empowerment Scale, Conditions of Work Effectiveness Questionnaire, and Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: The findings of this study revealed that nearly all nurses were suffered from burnout with different levels. The highest percentage of low burnout level was noticed among Bachelor nurses (47.4%), while the lowest percentage of low burnout level was noticed among diploma nurses (15.8%). Nurses working at University hospital showed higher % of low burnout (63.1%). While nurses working at Teaching hospital showed higher % of high burnout level (54%). Conclusion: Structural and psychological empowerment were positively correlated to personal accomplishment and negatively correlated with emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Higher structural and psychological empowerment corresponds to less burnout. Recommendations: Further studies are needed with a larger sample ranging across different governmental and private hospitals in different governorates. This will increase the generalizability of the results. Designing and implementing organizational interventions to reduce the workload placed on nurses. In addition, appropriate interventions should be conducted in aspects include their salary, job security, and their daily working hours.
[Mervat Ebrahim Aly El Dahshan and Laila Shehata Dorgham. The Effect of Structural and Psychological Empowerment on ccupational Burnout in Staff Nurses Working in Shebin El-Kom Hospitals, Menoufiya Governernate, Egypt. Life Sci J 2013;10(1):3447-3456]. (ISSN: 1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 436
Key words: Structural Empowerment, Psychological Empowerment, Occupational Burnout.