اختبارات سابقة 1

هذه الصفحة مخصصة لعرض نماذج أسئلة من امتحانات سابقة لمقرر علم الأمراض العام يمكن الاستفادة منها اثناء الأستذكار ومراجعات ما قبل الامتحان.

Choose the right answer from the following choices:

1. …………….. is the study and diagnosis of disease.

a) Pathology

b) General pathology

c) Systemic pathology

d) None of the previous

2. …………….. is the science dealing with basic reactions of cells and tissues to abnormal stimuli that underlie all diseases.

a) Pathology

b) General pathology

c) Systemic pathology

d) None of the previous

3. ……………..  is the science dealing with the specific responses of specialized organs and tissues to abnormal stimuli.

a) Pathology

b) General pathology

c) Systemic pathology

d) None of the previous

4. ……………..  is a branch of general pathology that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the gross, microscopic and molecular examination of organs, tissues, and whole bodies.

a) Pathology

b) Anatomical pathology

c) Clinical pathology

d) None of the previous

5. ……………..  is a branch of general pathology that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the laboratory analysis of body fluids such as blood and urine.

a) Pathology

b) Anatomical pathology

c) Clinical pathology

d) None of the previous

6. ……………..  is the area of anatomical pathology that is concerned with the gross and microscopic examination of surgical specimens.

a) Surgical pathology

b) Forensic pathology

c) Cytopathology

d) None of the previous

7. ……………..   is the area of anatomical pathology that is concerned with determining the cause of death by examination of a cadaver.

a) Surgical pathology

b) Forensic pathology

c) Cytopathology

d) None of the previous

8. ……………..  is the area of anatomical pathology that is concerned with the study and diagnoses of diseases on the cellular level.

a) Surgical pathology

b) Forensic pathology

c) Cytopathology

d) None of the previous

9. ……………..  is the area of clinical pathology that is concerned with analysis of whole blood.

a) Clinical hematology

b) Clinical chemistry

c) Clinical microbiology

d) None of the previous

10. ……………..  is the area of clinical pathology that is concerned with analysis of bodily fluids except whole blood.

a) Clinical hematology

b) Clinical chemistry

c) Clinical microbiology

d) None of the previous

11. ……………..  is the area of clinical pathology that is concerned with microbiological examination of different samples.

a) Clinical hematology

b) Clinical chemistry

c) Clinical microbiology

d) None of the previous

12. ……………..  is concerned with the diagnosis of animal diseases.

a) Veterinary pathology

b) Phytopathology

c) Cytopathology

d) None of the previous

13. ……………..  is concerned with the diagnosis of plant diseases.

a) Veterinary pathology

b) Phytopathology

c) Cytopathology

d) None of the previous

14. Phytopathology is a synonymous of ……………

a) Veterinary pathology

b) Cytopathology

c) Plant pathology

d) None of the previous

15. Etiology is synonymous to ……………..

a) Pathogenesis

b) Morphologic changes

c) Cause

d) All of the previous

16. Infectious agents are considered ………….. etiological factors of diseases.

a) Acquired

b) Genetic

c) Inherited

d) All of the previous

17. Nutritional agents are considered ………….. etiological factors of diseases.

a) Acquired

b) Genetic

c) Inherited

d) All of the previous

18. Chemical agents are considered ………….. etiological factors of diseases.

a) Acquired

b) Genetic

c) Inherited

d) All of the previous

19. Physical agents are considered ………….. etiological factors of diseases.

a) Acquired

b) Genetic

c) Inherited

d) All of the previous

20. inherited mutations are considered ………….. etiological factors of diseases.

a) Acquired

b) Genetic

c) Chemical

d) All of the previous

21. ………….. refers to the sequence of events in the response of cells or tissues to the etiologic agent, from the initial stimulus to the ultimate expression of the disease.

a) Molecular changes

b) Morphologic changes

c) Pathogenesis

d) None of the previous

22. ………….. refer to the structural alterations (in cells or tissues) that are characteristic of a disease.

a) Molecular changes

b) Morphologic changes

c) Pathogenesis

d) None of the previous

23. In breast cancers, molecular analysis has begun to reveal …………………

a) Genetic differences

b) Behavior of the tumors

c) Their response to  therapies

d) All of the previous

24. The end results of …………….. changes in cells and tissues are functional abnormalities, which lead to the clinical manifestations of disease.

a) Genetic

b) Biochemical

c) Structural

d) All of the previous

25. If the cells (or tissues) are exposed to ………………. the cells enter an adaptive response.

a) More function demands

b) Mild pathologic stimuli

c) Severe physiologic stresses

d) All of the previous

26. adaptive response usually ends by ………………...

a) Cell death

b) Elimination of stresses

c) Irreversible cell injury

d) All of the previous

27. In response to increased hemodynamic loads, the heart muscle becomes enlarged which is a form of …………..

a) Adaptation

b) Reversible cell injury

c) Irreversible cell injury

d) None of the previous

28. If the blood supply to the myocardium is compromised, the muscle first suffers ………….., manifested by certain cytoplasmic changes.

a) Adaptation

b) Reversible cell injury

c) Irreversible cell injury

d) None of the previous

29. ………….. are reversible functional and structural responses to severe physiologic stresses and mild pathologic stimuli.

a) Adaptations

b) Reversible cell injury

c) Irreversible cell injury

d) None of the previous

30. During adaptation, ……………. steady states are achieved, allowing the cell to survive and continue to function.

a) Near-normal

b) Normal

c) Abnormal

d) None of the previous

31. In adaptation when the stress is eliminated, the cell ……………………

a) Recover to its original state

b) Suffer reversible cell injury

c) Suffer irreversible cell injury

d) All of the previous

32. ……………. is defined as an adaptive form characterized by increase in the size and functional activity of cells.

a) Hypertrophy

b) Hyperplasia

c) Atrophy

d) Metaplasia

33. ……………. is defined as an adaptive form characterized by an increase in the number of cells.

a) Hypertrophy

b) Hyperplasia

c) Atrophy

d) Metaplasia

34. ……………. is defined as an adaptive form characterized by a decrease in the size and metabolic activity of cells, resulting in a decrease in the size of organ.

a) Hypertrophy

b) Hyperplasia

c) Atrophy

d) Metaplasia

35. ……………. is defined as an adaptive form characterized by a change in the phenotype of cells.

a) Hypertrophy

b) Hyperplasia

c) Atrophy

d) Metaplasia

36. All of the following adaptive forms change the size of organ except ……………

a) Hypertrophy

b) Hyperplasia

c) Atrophy

d) Metaplasia

37. ……………. is an adaptive form that only occur in non-dividing cells.

a) Hypertrophy

b) Hyperplasia

c) Atrophy

d) Metaplasia


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