Dr. SaMeH S. Ahmed

Associate Prof. of Environmental Engineering

Nile Delta


Nile Delta



The Nile Delta (Arabicدلتا النيل‎ is the delta formed in Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt) where the Nile River spreads out and drains into theMediterranean Sea. It is one of the world's largest river deltas—from Alexandria in the west to Port Said in the east, it covers 240 km of Mediterranean coastline—and is a rich agricultural region. From north to south the delta is approximately 160 km in length. The Delta begins slightly down-river from Cairo.


Geography

Nile River and Delta.

From north south the delta is approximately 160 km in length. From west to east it covers some 240 km of coastline. The delta is sometimes divided into sections, with the Nile dividing into two main distributaries, the Damietta and the Rosetta, flowing into the Mediterranean at port cities with the same name. In the past, the delta had several distributaries, but these have been lost due to flood control, silting and changing relief. One such defunct distributary is Wadi Tumilat. The Suez Canal runs to the east of the delta, entering the coastal Lake Manzala in the north-east of the delta. To the north-west are three other coastal lakes or lagoons: Lake BurullusLake Idku and Lake Maryut

The Nile is considered to be an "arcuate" delta (arc-shaped), as it resembles a triangle or lotus flower when seen from above. The outer edges of the delta are eroding, and some coastal lagoons have seen increasing salinity levels as their connection to the Mediterranean Sea increases. Since the delta no longer receives an annual supply of nutrients and sediments from upstream due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam, the soils of the floodplains have become poorer, and large amounts of fertilizers are now used. Topsoil in the delta can be as much as 70 feet (21 m) in depth.

[edit]History

Egyptian Population Density and Distribution
Ancient Nile delta.
The Nile delta at the time of Herodotus, according to James Rennell (1800).

People have lived in the Nile Delta region for thousands of years, and it has been intensively farmed for at least five thousand years. The Nile River used to flood on an annual basis, but this ended with the construction of the Aswan Dam. Records from ancient times (Pliny the Elder) show that the delta had seven distributaries: (from east to west) the Pelusiac, the Tanitic, the Mendesian, the Phatnitic (or Phatmetic[1]), the Sebennytic, the Bolbitine, and the Canopic (also called the Herakleotic, e.g. at [Callisthenes] Alexander 1.31). There are now only two main branches, due to flood control, silting and changing relief: The Damietta (corresponding to the Phatnitic) to the east and the Rosetta (corresponding to the Bolbitine)[2] on the western part of the delta. The Rosetta Stone was found in the Nile Delta in 1799 in the port city of Rosetta (anglicized name of Rashid). The delta was a major constituent of Lower Egypt. The Biblical Land of Goshen was located in a small area on the west bank of the Pelusiac distributary. There are many archaeological sites in and around the Nile Delta [3]

[edit]Population

About half of Egypt’s 80 million people live in the Nile Delta region. Outside of major cities, population density in the delta averages 1,000 persons/km² or more. Alexandria is the largest city in the delta with an estimated population of more than 4 million. Other large cities in the delta include Shubra al KhaymahPort SaidEl-Mahalla El-KubraEl MansuraTanta, and Zagazig.

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Sunday:     12-1

Monday:     12-1

Tuesday:     10-12

Wednesday: 10-11

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As we approaching the second midterm exams..  Get ready and remember our offices are open to answer you . do not hesitate to .contact me if you have difficulties


For CE 370 students : I do apologize for did not attend the extra lab session that proposed to be on Wednesday at 6 am.  Sorry

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Announcements


My Dear Students

Please visit the  announcement box for the relevant course and make sure that you can download and upload easily, otherwise

.contact me  to sort it out

There will be an orientation session in the midell of this term to help you select your track in Civil and Environmental Engineering

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Electrical Power Resources: Coal versus Renewable Energy



  Published Online on January 2016


Mining Engineering


Mining engineering is an engineering discipline that involves practice, theory, science, technology, and the application of extracting and processing minerals from a naturally occurring environment. Mining engineering also includes processing minerals for additional value.

Environmental Engineering

Environmental engineers are the technical professionals who identify and design solutions for    environmental problems. Environmental engineers provide safe drinking water, treat and properly dispose of wastes, maintain air quality, control water pollution, and remediate sites contaminated due to spills or improper disposal of hazardous substances. They monitor the quality of the air, water, and land. And, they develop new and improved means to protect the environment.

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College of Eng. MU

http://mu.edu.sa/ar


Univeristies

Universities I've worked in


Assuit University (Home University), Egypt


Imperial College, London, UK


Faculty of Engineering, Al-Mergeb University, Libya


King Saud University, KSA

,Majmaah University


Majmaah University has a very nice web page that provide  all information regarding deanships, colleges, activities,  campuses and many others. Search your request in
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Course 2016/17-1


  1. Computer Applications in Surveying  CE 473
  2. Surveying 1 CE 370
  3. Photogrammetry CE 474
  4. Surveying II  CE 371
  5. Design I  (round 4) CE 498




The Rules of Life

Rule #7

Latest

Member of the Editorial Board: " Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Sciences"  2013

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sameh_Ahmed5/?ev=hdr_xprf

Participating in The Third International Conference on Water, Energy and Environment,(ICWEE) 2015 - American University of Sharjah, UAE 24-26 March 2015 with a Paper and Poster

New article

Recovery of Titania from Waste-Sludge of Majmaah Water Treatment Plant

"Production of Titania Nano-particles from Wast-

Sludge

Coming soon



Results of M2 CE311

Student Conference



Participation  in the 6Th Student Conference

With a paper and oral presentation

From the Senior Design Project CE499 -35

See inside, the paper, and presentation

CE 370 Course

Surveying  I -  CE 370 - 2016-2017-1




Power point


Sheets


Lecture notes


Second Midterm Exam



Results


Model Answer
Inside, please follow:

Student Performance Records

CE 371 Course

Surveying II - CE 371 - 2016-2017-1




Lectures





First midterm exam


Lab


Results

See Inside

Student Performance Records

CE473 Course

Computer Applications in Surveying

CE 473



Lecturers


Power point


Sheets


Exams + Quizzes


Results




CE 474 Course

2015-2016-2 - Photogrammetry  CE474




Available 0-1-2-3-4 Power point

Available

Quizzes 2 and 3 with model Answer

Quizzes
Available Chapter 1,2,3,4,5 Lecture notes

Report 1  Cameras Report

Y

60 marks Exams

See Inside

Student Performance Records


CE 360 Course

Environmental Engineering 1



CE 360: Environmental Engineering 1

37-2

Y PP0-1-2-3,4 Power point
Y 1,2,3,4,5 Chapters

Water quality Poster + Climate Change Reports
will be announced (Quiz #2 will be using D2L- Online Quizzes

Y

Quizzez 2,3 and 4 with model answer and results Exams and results

GE 306 Course

Engineering Report Writing


GE 306: Engineering Report Writing

CE 499 Course

Senior Design 2 - CE 499

Meeting on 14-4-2015

Second Best paper from Senior Design Projects in 2015

Paper title:

Evaluation of Groundwater Quality Parameters using Multivariate Statistics- a case Study of Majmaah, KSA

Students:

Abdullah A. Alzeer

Husam K. Almubark

Maijd M. Almotairi

CE 360-Summer Course

Environmental Engineering I


Welcome to CE360 second Term 2015-2016 

Engineering Practice

 Engineering Practice GE 307

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Mobile: 00966598311652

[email protected]

Civil and Environmental Engineering Department
College of Engineering, Majmaah University
Majmaah, P.O. 66, 11952, KSA

Thank you

Your frequent visit to my website has helped  a lot to get the 2nd place in the university competition in the  year 1434-2013... Thanks very mush and please keep following my work

زيارتكم المتكررة لموقعي ساهمت في حصولي على المركز الثاني لاحسن المواقع الشخصية بجامعة المجمعة ...لكم جميعا خالص شكري وتقديري

CE 212 - Summer Course

Properties and Strength of Materials 1

CE 212

Y from PP0 to PP 6 + PDF Power points
Y Midterm #2 + Model Answer + results Exams
Y lab 3 Labs

Solution of Quiz 4 + Results HW


CE 311- Summer Course

Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering

CE 311

M2+ model Answer + PP 1-9 = PDF 1-9 all are available

Sheets 2 + 4 with model Answers

Results of M2



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