Photochemical Smog - Natural and artificially emitted hydrocarbons in the presence of oxides ofnitrogen undergo photochemical reactions which produce a cloud of toxic chemicals including ozoneand a variety of harmful chemical gaseous
Photochemical smog was first described in the 1950s. It is the chemical reaction of sunlight, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, which leavesairborne particles and ground-level ozone. This noxious mixture of air pollutants can include the following:
- Nitrogen oxides, such as nitrogen dioxide
- Peroxyacyl nitrates
- Tropospheric ozone
- Volatile organic compounds
All of these chemicals are usually highly reactive and oxidizing. Photochemical smog is therefore considered to be a problem of modern industrialization. It is present in all modern cities, but it is more common in cities with sunny, warm, dry climates and a large number of motor vehicles. Because it travels with the wind, it can affect sparsely populated areas as well.