Sand filters are used for water purification. There are three main types;
All three methods are used extensively in the water industry throughout the world. The first two require the use of flocculant chemicals to work effectively whilst slow sand filters can produce very high quality water free from pathogens, taste and odour without the need for chemical aids.
Sand bed filtration in context
- Surface filters, where particulates are captured on a permeable surface
- Depth filters, where particulates are captured within a porous body of material.]
There are several kinds of depth filter, some employing fibrous material and others employing granular materials. Sand bed filters are an example of a granular loose media depth filter. They are usually used to separate small amounts (<10 parts per million or <10 g per cubic metre) of fine solids (<100 micrometres) from aqueous solutions. In addition, they are usually used to purify the fluid rather than capture the solids as a valuable material. Therefore they find most of their uses in liquid effluent (wastewater) treatment