أ.فراس حسن قدوره Feras H Qaddoura

لغة انجليزية (لغويات) - كلية العلوم و الدراسات الانسانية بحوطة

3-b- the summary

 

Sonnet 18: The Ultimate Valentine’s Day Poem

Notes

temperate (1): i.e., evenly-tempered; not overcome by passion

the eye of heaven (5): 
i.e., the sun. 

every fair from fair sometime declines (7
): i.e., the beauty (fair) of everything beautiful (fair) will fade (declines). Compare to Sonnet 116: "rosy lips and cheeks/Within his bending sickle's compass come." 

nature's changing course (8): 
i.e., the natural changes age brings. 

that fair thou ow'st (10): 
i.e., that beauty you possess

in eternal lines...growest (12): 
The poet is using a grafting metaphor in this line. Grafting is a technique used to join parts from two plants with cords so that they grow as one. Thus the beloved becomes immortal, grafted to time with the poet's cords (his "eternal lines").

 

For commentary on whether this sonnet is really "one long exercise in self-glorification", please see below. 


                          _____




 

Sonnet 18 is the best known and most well-loved of all 154 sonnets. It is also one of the most straightforward in language and intent. The stability of love and its power to immortalize the subject of the poet's verse is the theme.

The poet starts the praise of his dear love without ostentation
تفاخر , but he slowly builds the image of his love into that of a perfect being. His love is first compared to summer in the octave, but, at the start of the third quatrain (9), he is summer, and thus, he has metamorphosedيحول into the standard by which true beauty can and should be judged. The poet's only answer to such profound عميق جدا joy and beauty is to ensure that his love be forever in human memory, saved from the oblivionنسيان that accompanies death. He achieves this through his verse, believing that, as history writes itself, his love will become one with time. The final couplet مقطع شعري مؤلف من بيتين reaffirms the poet's hope that as long as there is breath in mankind, his poetry too will live on, and ensure the immortality of his muse. 


For the speaker, love transcendsيفوق  nature in two ways:

1.     The speaker begins by comparing beauty to summer, but soon his love becomes a force of nature himself. In the line, “thy eternal summer shall not fade,” his love suddenly embodies summer. As a perfect being, he becomes more powerful than the summer’s day to which he was being compared.

2.     The poet’s love is so powerful that even death is unable to curtail it يقلص. The speaker’s love lives on for future generations to admire through the power of the written word – through the sonnet itself. The final couplet explains that the beloved’s “eternal summer” will continue as long as there are people alive to read this sonnet:

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, 
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

 

 





What Is a Sonnet?

Shakespeare’s sonnets are written in a strict poetic form that was very popular during hislifetime. Broadly speaking, each sonnet engages images and sounds to present an argument to the reader.

Sonnet Characteristics

A sonnet is simply a poem written in a certain format. You can identify a sonnet if the poem has the following characteristics:

·         14 lines. All sonnets have 14 lines which can be broken down into four sections called quatrains.

·         A strict rhyme scheme. The rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet is ABAB / CDCD / EFEF / GG (note the four distinct sections in the rhyme scheme).

·         Written in iambic Pentameter. Sonnets are written in iambic pentameter, a poetic meter with 10 beats per line made up of alternating unstressed and stressed syllables.

A sonnet can be broken down into four sections called quatrains. The first three quatrains contain four lines each and use an alternating rhyme scheme. The final quatrain consists of just two lines which both rhyme.

Each quatrain should progress the poem as follows:

1.     First quatrain: This should establish the subject of the sonnet. 
Number of lines: 4. Rhyme Scheme: ABAB

2.     Second quatrain: This should develop the sonnet’s theme. 
Number of lines: 4. Rhyme Scheme: CDCD

3.     Third quatrain: This should round off the sonnet’s theme. 
Number of lines: 4. Rhyme Scheme: EFEF

4.     Fourth quatrain: This should act as a conclusion to the sonnet. 
Number of lines: 2. Rhyme Scheme: GG

 

الساعات المكتبية

الساعات المكتبية:

السبت : 1 - 2

الاثنين  : 1 - 2

الثلاثاء  : 1 - 2

الساعات الارشادية:

الاثنين : 9 -  10

الثلاثاء :11 - 12

أعلان هام

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

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امل من الجميع الدخول الى بوابه التعليم الالكتروني

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الساعات المكتبية

الساعات المكتبية:

الاحد: 10 - 11

الاثنين  : 11 - 12

الثلاثاء  : 10 11

الساعات الارشادية:

الاحد: 11 12

الثلاثاء 11-12

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أعلان هام

 
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