أ.فراس حسن قدوره Feras H Qaddoura

لغة انجليزية (لغويات) - كلية العلوم و الدراسات الانسانية بحوطة

Which language



Which language should I learn?

Once you have decided to learn a language, you may not be quite sure which language to choose. To some extent, your choice depends on your reasons for learning a language. For example, if you'd like to communicate with as many people as possible, learning such languages as Mandarin Chinese, Spanish, French, Russian or Arabic would enable you to do so.

If you're not sure which language to study, here are some factors to consider:

Availability

Are materials and other resources available for the language you want to learn? Are there classes in your area? For the popular languages, like French, Spanish and German, this shouldn't be a issue, but it may be difficult to find resources and/or classes for the lesser-studied languages.

Usefulness

If you want to learn a language with a large number of speakers and which is spoken in many countries, the ones to choose in order of 'usefulness' are: English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), German, Japanese, Portuguese and Hindi/Urdu.

This list is based on the number of speakers, the number and population of countries where the languages are spoken, the number of major fields using the languages internationally, the economic power of countries using the languages, and their socio-literary prestige.

For a breakdown of these factors see:

The languages with the most speakers are:

  1. Mandarin Chinese (720 million)
  2. English (480 million)
  3. Spanish (320 million)
  4. Russian (285 million)
  5. French (265 million)
  6. Hindi/Urdu (250 million)
  7. Indonesian/Malay (230 million)
  8. Arabic (221 million)
  9. Portuguese (188 million)
  10. Bengali (185 million)
  11. Japanese (133 million)
  12. German (109 million)

Notes

  • This list includes first and second language speakers. The totals are all estimates and each source gives a different figure. If you include people who speak them as foreign languages, the total for English would increase significantly.
  • Hindi and Urdu are closely related but separate languages. The formal registers of these differ significantly, but there is high degree of mutual intelligibility between them at an informal level. The situation is similar for Indonesian and Malay.
  • There are many varieties of colloquial spoken Arabic which are not all mutually intelligible. There is also a variety of Arabic known as Modern Standard Arabic which is based on the Classical Arabic of the Quran and is used as the main written form and Arabic, and to some extent as a spoken lingua franca between Arabic speakers from different regions and countries.
  • Spanish is the most widely spoken language in the USA after English, with around 28 million speakers. The third most spoken language is Chinese - mainly Cantonese, with over 2 million speakers. Other languages with over a million speakers include French, German, Tagalog, Vietnamese and Italian


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الثلاثاء :11 - 12

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الساعات المكتبية

الساعات المكتبية:

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الثلاثاء  : 10 11

الساعات الارشادية:

الاحد: 11 12

الثلاثاء 11-12

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أعلان هام

 
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