البحث العلمي


BIBLIOGRAPHY


Primary
Sources


Hemingway,
Ernest. Three Stories and Ten Poems. Paris : Contact Publishing Company,
1923.


.............….
“Introduction”.
Men at War : The Best War Stories of All Time. New York : Crown
Publishers, 1942.


.............….
A Farewell to Arms
.
New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1929.


.............….
A Moveable Feast
.
New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1964.


.............….
Across the River and into the Trees
.
New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1950.


.............….
By-line
,
ed., William White. New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1967.


.............….
Death in the Afternoon
.
New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1932.


.............….
For Whom the Bell Tolls
.
New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1940.


.............….
Green Hills of Africa
.
New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1935.


.............….
True at First Light
.
New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1999.


.............….
Hemingway : The Wild Years
.
ed., Gene Z. Hanrahan. New York : Dell Publishing Co., 1962.


.............….
In Our Time
.
New York : Boni and Liveright, 1925.


.............….
In Our Time
.
Paris : Three Mountains Press, 1924.


.............….
Islands in the Stream
.
New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1970.


.............…
Men Without Women.
New
York
,
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1924.


.............….
The Collected Poems of Ernest Hemingway.
Originally
Published in Paris : no place, date, publisher, or copyright
mentioned.


.............….
The Fifth Column and the First Forty‑nine Stories.
New
York

: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1938. Issued by Jonathan Cape, London in 1944 as
The First Forty‑nine Stories


.............….
The Fifth Column and Four Unpublished Stories of the Spanish Civil War.
New
York
:
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969.


.............….
The First Forty Nine Stories with a Brief Preface by the author.
New
York
:
Scribner paperback Fiction, 1966.


.............….
The Garden of Eden.
New
York

: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1986.


.............….
The Nick Adams Stories.
Preface
by Philip Young. New  York : Charles Scribner's Sons,
1972.


.............….
The Old Man and the Sea.
New
York

: Charles Scribner's Sons,1952.


.............….
The Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway.
New
York

: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1938.


.............….
The Spanish Earth.
Cleveland
: J.13. Savage Company, 1938.


.............….
The Sun Also Rises.
New
York
:
Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1926.


.............….
The Torrents of Spring.
New
York

: Charles Scribner's Sons,1926.


.............….
To Have and Have Not.
New
York

: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1935.


.............….
Voyage to Victory : An Eye‑ Witness Report of the Battle for 
a Normandy Beachhead.
New
York

: Crown‑Colier, 1944.


.............….
Winner Take Nothing.
New
York

: Charles Scribner's Sons,1933.



Secondary
Sources


Adams,
Rachel and David Savran. The Masculinity Studies Reader. Oxford :
Blackwell Publishers Ltd., 2002.


Althusser,
L. Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. Trans. Bretister. London :
Monthly Review Press, 1997.


Ashmore,
R.D. “Sex, Gender and the Individual.” In L.A. Pervin (ed.), Handbook of
personality theory and research
. New York : Guifford, 1990.


Atkins,
John Alfred. The Art of Ernest Hemingway : His Work and Personality.
London : Spring Books, 1952.


Bacigalupo,
Massimo. “Hemingway posthumo : ‘The Dangerous Summer’s’ The Garden of Eden”.
191-200 in Perosa, Sergio, ed. Hemingway e Venezia. Florence :
Olschki
, 1988.


Baker,
Carlos. Ernest Hemingway : Critiques of Four Major Novels. New York :
Scribner, 1962.


Baker,
Carlos. “The Mountain and the Plain.” Hemingway : Writer as Artist.
Princeton : Princeton Univ. Press, 1952, 1956.


Baker,
Carlos. Ernest Hemingway : A Life Story. New York : Charles Scribner’s
Sons, 1969.


Baker,
Carlos. Hemingway : The Writer as Artist. Princeton : Princeton Univ.
Press, 1972.


Baker,
Carlos. The American Novel, Ed. Wallace Stegner. New York : Basic Books,
1965.


Bardocke,
Theodore. “Hemingway’s Woman”. Ernest Hemingway : The Man and His Work.
Edited by John K.M. McCaffery. New York : World, 1950.


Basic,
Sonja. “Hemingway’s Modernism : Troping and Narrating.” 111-118 in Perosa,
Sergio, etc. Hemingway e Venezia. Florence : Olschki, 1988.


Basow,
S.A.

Gender : Stereotype and Roles. 3rd ed. California :
Books/Cole. 1992.


Baym,
Nina. “Actually, I felt sorry for the lion.” New Critical Approaches to the
Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway ed
. Jackson J. Benson, Durham : Duke
University Press, 1990.


Beach,
Joseph Warren. The Twentieth Century Novel : Studies in Technique. New
York : Appleton – Century Crofts, Inc., 1932.


Bederman,
Gail. “Civilization, The Decline of Middle-Class Manliness and Ida. B. Wells’s
Anti-Lynching Campaign (1892-94)” Gender and American History Since 1890.
New York : Routledge, 1993.


Benson,
J. Jackson. Ed. New Critical Approaches to the Short Stories of Ernest
Hemingway.
Durham, N.C. : Duke University Press, 1990.


Benson,
J. Jackson. “Ernest Hemingway : The Life as Fiction and the Fiction as Life.”
In Hemingway : Essays of Reassessment. Ed. Frank Scafella. Oxford :
Oxford University Press, 1991.


Benson,
J. Jackson. “Hemingway Ernest.” Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol. 61,
1990.


Benson,
J. Jackson. “Roles and the Masculine Writer.” In Brett Ashley. Ed. Harold
Bloom. New York : Chelsea House Publishers, 1991.


Benson,
J. Jackson. Hemingway : The Writer’s Art of Self-Defence. Minneapolis :
Minnesota, 1969.


Benson,
Jackson J. The Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway : Critical Essays.
Durham, North Carolina : Duke University Press, 1975.


Bouissac,
Paul, Micheal Herzfeld and Roland Posner (Eds.) Iconocity : Essay on the
Nature of Culture.
Tubingen : Stauffenburg – Verlang, 1986.


Boynton,
Percy H. America in Contemporary Fiction. New York : Russell and
Russell, 1963.


Brenner,
Gerry. Once a Rabbit, Always ? A Feminist Interview with Maria. Blowing the
Bridge Essays on Hemingway
and For Whom The Bell Tolls. New York :
Greenwood, 1992.


Brenner,
Gerry. The Old Man and the Sea: Story of a Common Man. New York: Twayne,
1991.


Brian,
Denis. The True Gen: An Intimate Portrait of Ernest Hemingway by Those Who
Knew Him.
New York : Grove Press, 1988.


Brod,
H. and Kaufman, M. Theorizing Masculinities. Thousand Oaks, Calif. :
Sage, 1994.


Broer,
Lawrence R. "Jake Two Hearts : Intertextual Keys to Jake Barnes' Character."
Unpublished abstract, 1970.


Broer,
R. Lawrence. Hemingway's Spanish Tragedy. Albama Press, USA)
1973.


Brooks,
Cleanth. The Hidden God: Studies in Hemingway, Faulkner, Yeats, Eliots and
Warren.
New Haven : Yale University Press, 1963.


Bruccoli,
J. Matthew. Fitzgerald and Herningways : A Dangerous Friendship.
Columbia: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1994.


Bruccoli,
M.J., Jackson R. Bryer, Eds. F. Scott Fitzgerald: In His Own Time.A
Miscellany.
New York : The Kent State Univ. Press, 1971.


Butler,
Judith. Bodies that Matter On The Discursive Limits of "Sex". New York:
Routledge, 1993.


Butler,
Judith. Gender Trouble : Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New
York: Routledge, 1990.


Callaghan,
Morley. That Summer in Paris : Memories of Tangled Friendships with
Hemingway, Fitzgerald, and Some Others.
New York: Coward McCann,
1963.


Callahan,
John F. The Illusions of a Nation: Myth and History in the Novels of F. Scott
Fitzgerald. Urbans:
Univ. of Illinois Press, 1972.


Campbell,
Joseph. The Masks of God: Occidental Mythology. London : Souvenir Press
Ltd., 1974.


Cargill,
Oscar. Intellectual America : Ideas on the March. New York : The
Macmillan Company, 1959.


Chauncey,
George Jr. "Christian Brotherhood or Sexual Perversion? : Homosexual Identities
and the Construction of Sexual boundaries in the World War I Era." Gender and
American History Since 1890.
New York: Routledge, 1993.


Chauncey,
George Jr. Gay, New York : Gender, Urban Culture and the Making of a Gay Male
World,
1890‑1940. New York : Basic Books,1994.


Chetwynd,
Tom. A Dictionary of Symbols. London : Paladin Books, Granada Publishing,
1982.


Cixous,
Helene and Catherine Clement. The Newly Born Woman. Trans. Besty Wing.
Minneapolis: U Minnesota P, 1980.


Clare,
A. On Men : Masculinity in Crisis. London : Routledge, 2000.


Cohen,
ed. Talk on The Wild Side : Towards a Geneaology of Discourse on Male
Sexualities.
New York: Routledge, 1993.


Comley,
Nancy R. and Robert Scholes. Hemingway's Genders : Rereading the Hemingway
Text.
New Haven : Yale University Press, 1994.


Connell,
Robert. Gender and Power : Society, the Person and Sexual Politics.
Stanford : Stanford UP, 1997.


Connell,
Robert. Masculinities. Barkeley : University of California,
1995.


Connell,
Robert. The Men and the Boys. Cambridge: Polity, 2000.


Cornillon,
Susan. Images of Women in Fiction: Feminist Perspective : A Survey of
analysis of roles women have traditionally played. Ohio:
Bowling Green Univ.
Popular Press, 1974.


Cornwall,
A. and Lindisfarne, N. Dislocating Masculinity Comparative Ethnographies.
London: Routledge. 1994.


Cowley,
Malcolm. "Rain as Disaster" The Portable Hemingway. Ed. Malcolm Cowley.
New York: Viking, 1944.


De
Beauvoir, Simone. The Second Sex (Original 1949). Trans. And ed. H.M.
Parshley. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972.


De
Saussure, F. 'Course in gneral Linguistics'in Cahoone, L. (ed.). From modern
to postmodernism : An anthology.
Massachusetts : Blackwell, 1996.


Defalco,
Joseph. The Hero in Hemingway's Short Stories. Pittsburgh : Univ. of
Pittsburgh Press, 1963.


Derrida,
Jacques. Speech and Phenomena. Trans. D. Allison. Evanston, I.L. :
North‑Western University Press, 1973.


Derrida,
Jacques. Spurs : Nietzsche's Style. Trans. B. Harlow. Chicago :
University of Chicago Press, 1979.


Dollimore,
Jonathan. Sexual Dissidence : Augustine to Wilde, Freud to Foucault.
Oxford : University Press, 199 1.


Dreiser,
Helen. My Life with Dreiser. Cleveland and New York : The World
Publishing Co., 195 1.


Dudley,
Dorothy. Forgotten Frontiers : Dreiser and the land of the Free. New
York: Harrison Smith, 1932.


Eby,
P. Carl. Hemingway's Fetishism, Psychoanalysis and the Mirror of Manhood.
Albany State of New York: Suny Press, 1999.


Edley,
N. and Wetherell, M.S. Men in Perspective : Practice, Power and Identity.
Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf,
1995.


Eistenstein,
Hester and Alice Jardine. "Gender, Relation and Difference in Psychoanalytical
Perspective." The Future of Difference. New Brunswick, New Jersey :
Rutgress University Press, 1985.


Egan,
Susanna. Lies, Damned Lies, and Autobiography : Hemingway's Treatment of
Fitzgerald in A Moveable Feast.
Autobiography Studies, Chapel Hill, NC
1994.


Egri,
Peter. "Epic Retardation and Diversion : Hemingway, Strindberg and 0' Neill."
Neohelicon. 1987 : 14(l) : 9‑20. [See also 1985 Bibliog.
1.8.366 (11.8219).


Eliade,
Mircea and Charles J. Aclams, eds. The Encyclopedia of Religion. 16 Vols.
New York, N.Y. : Macmillan, 1972.


Ellis,
Albert. The American Sexual Tragedy, New York: Grove Press,
1967.


Ellis,
Havelock. Morals, Manners and Men, Gt. Britain : C.A. Watts and Company
Ltd., 1939, 1948.


Evans,
Robert. "Hemingway and the Pale Cast Thought." Ernest Hemingway : A
Collection of Criticism.
Edited by Arthur Waldhorn. New York: MacGraw‑Hill,
1973.


Fenichel,
Otto. "The Psychology of Transvestism". The Collected Works of Otto Fenichel.
Vol. I New York: Norton, 1953.


Fetterley,
Judith. The Resisting Reader : A Feminist Approach to American Fiction.
Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 1978.


Fiedler,
Leslie. Love and Death in the American Novel. London : Jonathan Cape,
1967.


Fitch,
Riley Noel. Sylvia Beach and the Lost Generation, New York : Norton,
1983.


Fleming,
Robert E. The Face in the Mirror Hemingway's Writers. Tuscaloosa: U of
Alabama P, 1994.


Fletcher,
Ian. Romantic Mythologies. London : Routledge and Kegan Paul,
1967.


Fone,
Byrne R.S. A Road to Stonewall : Male Homosexuality and Homophobia in
English and American Literature, 1750‑1969.
New York: Twayne,
1995.


Foucault,
M. The discourse on language' in Foucault, M. The Order of Things : An
archaeology of the Human Sciences.
London: Routledge, 1970.


Foucault,
M. Truth and Power', in C. Gordon, (Ed.) Power Knowledge : Selected
interviews and other writings
1972‑1977. London : Harvester Wheatsheaf,
1980.


Foucault,
Michel. The History of Sexuality, three volumes tr. Robert Hurley Vintage
Books, 1990.


Foucault,
Mitchel. 'Sex, Power and the Politics of Identity' in Rabinow, P. (ed.)
Mitchel Foucault, the essential works Vol. 1 : Ethics. London: Penguin,
1997.


Foucault,
Mitchel. The History of Sexuality, Volume One. An Introduction.
Harmondsworth Penguin, 1981.


Friedon,
Betty. The Feminine Mystique. Gt. Britain : Penguin C. Nicholls and Co.
Ltd., 1963.


Friedrich,
Otto. "Ernest Hemingway : Joy Through Strength." The Merrill Studies in a
Farewell to Arms.
Edited by John Graham. Columbus. Ohio: Charles E. Merrill,
1976.


Fromm,
Erich. The Art of Loving. New York: Bantam Books, 1956.


Fuss,
Diana. Manhood in the Making : Cultural Concepts of Masculinity. New
Heaven : Yale Univ. Press, 1990.


Gajdusek,
Robert E. Pilars'Tale The Myth and the Message. Blowing the Bridge :
Essays on Hemingway and For Whom the Bell Tolls. New York : Greenwood,
1992.


Gallop,
Jane. Thinking Through the Body. New York : Columbia University Press.
1988.


Garcia,
Wilma. Mothers and Others : Myths of the Female in the Works of Melville,
Twain, and Hemingway.
New York : Peter Lang, 1984.


Geismar,
Maxwell. American Moderns : From Rebellion to Conformity. New York: Hill
and Wang, 1958.


Genette,
G., Narrative Discourse. Oxford : Blackwell, 1978.


Gerber,
Philip L. Theodore Dreiser Twaynes, United States Authors Series. New
Haven : Connecticut ‑ College and Univ. Press, 1964.


Gilbert,
Sandra M. No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth
Century. 2 Vols.
New Haven : Yale University Press,
1988‑89.


Gill,
H.S., Structure of Narrative in East and West. New Delhi : Bahri
Publications, 1989.


Gilligan,
Carol. In a different voice. Cambridge : Harvard UP,
1982.


Gilmore,
David. Manhood in the Making : Cultural Concepts of Masculinity. New
Heaven: Yale UP, 1990.


Glickberg,
Charles I. The Sexual Revolution in Modern American Literature. The Hague
: Martinus Nijhoff, 1971.


Glover,
David and Cora Kaplan. Genders. London and New York : Routledge,
2001.


Goodman,
Paul. "The Sweet Style of Ernest Hemingway." In Ernest Hemingway: Five
Decades of Criticism.
Ed. Linda Welshimer Wagner. Michigan : Michigan State
University Press, 1974.


Gornick
Moran, Barbara. Ed. Women in Sexist Society. Studies in Power and
Powerlessness.
New York : Basic Books Inc., 1971.


Grebstein
Sheldon Norman, Comp. The Merrill Studies in For Whom the Bell Tolls.
Ohio : Charles E. Merrill Pub. Co., 1971.


Greer,
Germaine. The Female Eunuch. London: Paladin, 1971.


Griffin,
Peter. Less Than A Treason, Hemingway in Paris. New York: Oxford
University Press, 1985.


Gross,
L. Theo. The Heroic Ideal in American Literature. New York : Free Press,
1971.


Gurko,
Leo. Ernest Hemingway and the Pursuit of Heroism. New York: Crowell,
1968.


Halperin,
David M. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality. New York : Routledge,
1989.


Harding,
Brian. "Ernest Hemingway: Men with, or without Women." American Declarations
of Love.
Ed. Ann Massa. New York : St. Martin's, 104‑21, 1990.


Hardy
John Edward. Man in the Modern  Novel. Seattle and London :
Univ. of Washington Press, 1944.


Hazo,
Robert G. The Idea of Love. New York, London : Frederick A Praeger,
London, 1967.


Heilbrun,
Carolyn. Toward a Recognition of Androgyny. New York : Alfred A Knopf,
1973.


Hemingway,
Frederick H. Existentialism and the Modern Predicament. New York: Harper,
1958.


Hemingway,
Leicester. My Brother, Ernest Hemingway. London : Neidenfield and
Nicolson, 1962.


Hoffman,
Frederick, J. The Twenties : American Writing in the Postwar Decade.
1955. New York: Free Press, 1965.


Hollander,
John. "Hemingway's Extraordinary Reality." Modern Critical Views : Ernest
Hemingway.
Ed. Harold Bloom. New York : Chelsea, 1985.


Hotchner,
A.E., Papa Hemingway: A Personal Memoir. London : Mayflower Books,
1968.


J.
Mitchell. Psychoanalysis and Feminism. London : Penguin, 1975.


Johnston,
Kenneth G. "Hills Like White Elephants." The Tip of the Iceberg : Hemingway
and the Short Story.
Greenwood, Florida : Denkevill, 1987.


Kaplan,
Cora. "Language and Gender". Sea Changes : Essays on Culture and Feminism.
London : Verso, 1986.


Kert,
Bernice. The Hemingways Women. New York : W.W. Norton and Company,
1983.


Killinger,
John. Hemingway and the Dead Gods A Study in Existentialism. Lexington :
University of Kentucky Press, 1960.


Kimmel,
S. Michael. The Contemporary "Crisis" of Masculinity in Historical
perspective,
in Harry Brod (ed.). The Making of Masculinities : The New
Men's Studies.
Boston, Mass : Allen and Unwin, 1987.


Krich,
A.M., Ed, The Anatomy of Love. New York : Dell Publishing Company, Inc.,
1960.


Lacan,
J. (1954‑5). The Meaning of the Phallus. In J. Mitchell and J. Rose (eds)
Feminine Sexuality. London: Macmillan, 1982.


Lacan,
J. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho‑analysis. Trans. Sheridan, A.
London : Hogarth Press, 1977.


Lacan,
Jacques. Ecrits : A Selection. London : Tavistock, 1977.


Laurence,
Frank M. Hemingway and the Movies. Jackson : University Press of
Mississippi, 1981.


Lawrence
D.H. Selected Literary Criticism. London : Mercury Books,
1981.


LeBelle,
Jenijoy. Blake's Visions and Re‑visions of Michelangelo. London : Orbis,
1977.


Lehan,
Richard. Theodore Dreiser. His world and his Novels. Carbondale :
Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1969.


Lewis,
Cotlow. The Twilight of the Primitive. London : Robert Hale and Co.,
1973.


Lewis,
R.W.B. The American Adam : Innocence, Tragedy and Tradition in the Nineteenth
Century.
Austin : Univ. of Chicago Press, 1958.


Lewis,
Robert W. A Farewell to Arms : The War of the Words. Boston : Twayne,
1992.


Lewis,
Robert W., Hemingway on Love. Austin : University of Texas Press,
1965.


Lindsay,
Clarence. Consequential Identity in Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms :
Midamerica ‑ The Yearbook of the society for the study of Midwestern Literature.
East Lansing MT (Midamerica), 1997.


Lodge,
David. Language of Fiction. London : Routledge and Kegan Paul Plc. (1966)
1984.


Lucka,
Emil, Eros : The Development of the Sex Relation through the Ages, Tr.
Ellie Schlenssner. New York : D.P. Putnam's Sons, 1915.


Lynn,
Kenneth S. Hemingway. New York : Simon and Schuster, 1989.


Lynn,
Kenneth S. The Dream of Success A Study of the Modern American Imagination.
Boston : Little Brown, 1987.


MacInnes,
J. The End of Masculinity : The Confusion of Sexual Genesis and Sexual
Differences in Modern Society.
Buckingham : Open University Press,
1998.


Mailer,
Norman. A Prisoner of Sex. London : Weldenfold and Nicolson,
1971.


Marcuse,
Herbert. Eros and Civilization. Boston : Beacon Press, 1966.


Matsen,
William E. The Great War and the American Novel : Mimesis and Craft in
Selected Fiction of Dos Passos, Boyd, March, and Hemingway.
Dissertation
Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MT, 1991.


Maurois,
Andre. Seven Faces of Love. Bombay: Jaico Books Edition,
1960.


Maver,
Igor. The Old Man and Slovenia : Hemingway Studies in the Slovenian Cultural
Context.
Acta‑Neophilogogica, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 1990.


Mayfield,
Sara. Exiles from Paradise : Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York:
Dalecurte Press, 1971.


McCaffery,
John Ed. Ernest Hemingway : The Man and his Work. Cleveland: World,
1950.


Mcdermott
John F., Kendall B. Taft, Eds. Sex in the Arts. New York : Harper and
Brothers Pub., 1932, 1971.


Mead,
Margaret. Male and Female. New York: A Mentor Book,
1964.


Meigs,
Mark. Optimism of Armageddon : Voices of American Participants in the First
World War.
New York: New York, UP, 1997.


Mellow,
R. James. Hemingway, A Life Without Consequences. New York:
Adison‑Wislay, 1992.


Meyers,
Jeffrey. Hemingway : A Biography. New York : Harper and Row,
1985.


Michael
S. Kimmel. Changing Men. Newbury Park CA: Sage, 1987.


Michael
S. Kimmel. Men and Masculinity. ed. Newbury Park CA : Sage Publishers,
2000.


Middleton,
Peter. The Inward Gaze : Masculinity and the Postmodern Subject. New
York: Routledge, 1992.


Miller,
Linda Patterson. Hemingway's Women : A Reassessment. "Hemingway in Italy
and Other Essays". Ed. Robert W., Lewis, Praeger, 1990.


Miller,
Madelaine Hemingway, Ernie : Hemingway's Sister "Sunny" Remembers. New
York: Crown, 1985.


Millett,
Kate. Sexual Politics. New York: Avon Books, 1970.


Mills,
Sara. Discourse. London : Routledge, 1997.


Moddelmog,Debra
A. Reading Desire : In Pursuit of Ernest Hemingway: Ithaca. New York:
Cornell UP, 1999.


Moers,
Elin. Two Dreisers. New York: The Viking Press, 1969.


Morreall,
Paul. Taking Laughter Seriously. Albany : State University of New York
Press, 1983.


Nagel,
James, ed. Emest Hemingway : The Writer in Context. Madison : University
of Wisconsin Press, 1984.


Nahan,
Chaman Lai. The Narrative Pattern in Ernest Hemingway's Fiction.
Rutherford NJ : Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1971.


Newton,
Mark G. Beyond the Wound: The Role of Women in Aiding the Hemingway Hero.
Dissertation U of S. Florida, 1985.


Noble,
Donald R., ed. Hemingway A Revaluation. Troy. New York : 
Whitston, 1983.


O'Faolain,
Sean. The Vanishing Hero, Studies in Novelists of the Twenties. London :
Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1956.


Oldsey,
Bernard. "The Sense of Ending". Hemingway Hidden Craft. University of
Park : The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1979.


Olson,
Barbara‑Kruse. 'Writing Like God'in the Twentieth Century Theological
Implications of omniscient Narration in the Fiction of Ernest Hemingway and
Virginia
Woolf Dissertation Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MI
1992.


Panov,
Victor G., Emotions, Myths and Theories. (Tr.) Moscow : Progress
Publishers, 1985.


Penn
Warren, Robert. "Ernest Hemingway," Introduction to Modern Standard Authors
edition of A Farewell to Arms.
New York : Charles Scribner's Sons,
1949.


Peterson,
Richard K. Hemingway : Direct and Oblique. Paris : Mouton,
1969.


Phelan,
James. "Narrative Discourse, Literary Character, and Ideology." Reading
Narrative : Form, Ethics, Ideology.
Ed. James Phelan. Columbus: Ohio State
University Press, 132‑46, 1989.


Pleck,
Joseph H. The Myth of Masculinity. Cambridge : MII Press,
1991.


Plimpton,
George. "An Interview with Ernest Hemingway." Hemingway and His Critics.
Edited by Carlos Baker. New York: Hill and Wang, 1961.


Pullin,
Faith. "Hemingway and the Secret Language of Hate," Ernest Hemingway: New
Critical Essays.
Ed. A. Robert Lee. Totowa, N.J. : Barnes and Noble, C.
1983.


Raeburn,
John. Fame Became of Him. Bloomington : Indiana Univ. Press,
1984.


Rahv,
Philip. Image and Ideas. New York: New Directions, 1949.


Randar,
Vicky and Georgina Waylen. Gender, Politics and the State. London and New
York: Routledge, 1998.


Rehberger,
Dean. "I Don't Know Buffalo Bill': Or, Hemingway and the Rhetoric of the
Western." Blowing the Bridge Essays on Hemingway and For Whom the Bell
Tolls
. New York : Greenwood, 1992.


Reynolds,
Michael S. Hemingway's Reading 1910‑1940 : An Inventory. Princeton :
Princeton University Press, 1981.


Reynolds,
Michael S., ed. Critical Essays on Ernest Hemingway's 'In Our Time’.
Boston: G. K. Hall, 1983.


Reynolds,
Michael. Hemingway: The American Homecoming. Oxford : Blackwell
Publishers, 1992.


Reynolds,
Michael. Hemingway, The Final Years. Oxford : Blackwell Publishers,
1999.


Reynolds,
Michael. Hemingway's First War : The Making of A Farewell to Arms.
Princeton : Princeton, UP, 1976.


Rink,
Paul. Remaking Modern Fiction, Ernest Hemingway Encyclopaedia Britannica,
1962.


Roset,
I., The Psychology of Phantasy. (Tr.) Moscow : Progress
Publishers, 1984.


Rotundo,
E. Anthony. American Manhood : Transformations in Masculinity from the
Revolution to the Modern Era.
London : Routledge, 1994.


Rougemont
Denis de. Love in the Western World, Book 11, Trans. Mountgomery Belgion
New York: Pantheon Books, 1956.


Rougemont
Denis de. Passion and Society, Tr. Mountgornery Bilgam. London: Faber and
Faber, 1956.


Sangwan,
S. S., Dahiya Satyapal. Hemingway's Humanist Outlook ‑ A study of A Farewell
to Arms.
Punjab University Research BuIletin (Arts), Chandigarh, India,
1990.


Shapiro,
Charles. Twelve Original Essays on Great American Novels. Detroit Wayne :
State Univ. Press, 1958.


Shiach,
Morage. Helene Cixous : A Politics of Writing. New York : Routledge,
1991.


Showalter,
Elaine. "The Other Lost Generation." Sister's Choice Tradition and Change in
American Women's Writing.
Oxford : Clarendon, 1991.


Silverman,
Kaja. Male subjectivity at the Margins. New York : Routledge,
1992.


Singh,
R.N. Hemingway : The Old Man and the Sea. Atlantic Publishers: New Delhi,
1999.


Sipiora,
Phillip. "Hemingway's Aging Heroes and the Concept of Phronesis." Aging and
Identity ‑ A Humanities Perspective
. Westport : CT Praeger, 1999.


Sklar,
Robert. F. Scott Fitzgerald : The Lost Tycoon. New York : Oxford Univ.
Press, 1967.


Smith,
Carol H. "Women and the Loss of Eden in Hemingway's Mythology." Ernest
Hemingway : The Writer in Context.
Ed. James Nagel. Madison: University of
Wisconsin Press, 1984.


Smith,
Paul. A Reader's Guide to the Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway. Boston:
G.K. Hall, 1989.


Spilka,
Mark. Hemingway's Quarrel with Androgyny. Lincoln : University of
Nebraska Press, 1990.


Stephens,
Robert O. Hemingway's Non‑Fiction. Chapel Hill : University of North
Carolina Press, 1968.


Stern,
Guy. Comrades‑in‑Ar7ns : Models for Fictions. Hemingway and the Exiles from
Nazi Germany. German and International Perspectives on the Spanish Civil War‑
The Aesthetics of Partisanship.
Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1992.


Stratton,
John. The Virgin Text : Fiction, Sexuality and Ideology. Brighton :
Harvester, 1987.


Thompson
Keith ed. Views from the Male World. London : Harper Collins,
1992.


Todorov,
Tzvetan. Theories of the Symbol. (Tr.) Oxford : Basil Blackwell,
1982.


Trilling,
Lionel. "An American in Spain." Ernest Hemingway Critiques of Four Major
Novels.
Edited by Carlos Baker. New York : Scribner', 1962.


Villard,
S. Henry and James Nagel. Hemingway in Love and War. The Lost Diary of Agnes
von Kurowsky.
Boston : Northwestern University Press, 1989.


Waldhorn,
Arthur. A Reader's Guide to Ernest Hemingway. New York: Farrar, Straus
and Giroux, 1972.


Warren,
Robert Penn. Critiques and Essays in Modern Fiction 1920-1951, Selected
by John Watson Aldridge. New York: Ronald, 1952.


Wasserstrom
W. William. Heiress of all the Ages. Sex and Sentiment in the Genteel
Tradition
. Minneapolis : The Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1959.


Watson,
Simon, Brian Wallis and Maurice Berqer. Constructing Masculinity. New
York: Routledge, 1995.


Whitehead,
M. Stephen. Men and Masculinities. Polity Press, USA : Blackwell
Publishers, 2002.


Whitlow,
Roger. Cassandra's Daughters: The Women in Hemingway. Westport :
Greenword Press, 1984.


Williams,
Raymond. The English Novel from Dickens to Lawrence. 1970. London :
Hogarth, 1984.


Willson,
Edmund. The Wound And The Bow. New York : Oxford University Press,
1965.


Wyatt,
David. Prodigal Sons : A Study of Authority and Authority. Baltimore :
John Hopkins University Press, 1980.


Wylder,
Delbert E. Hemingway's Heroes. Albuquerque : Univ. of N. Mexico Press,
1970.


Young,
Philip. "A Defense." Hemingway : A Collection of Critical Essays. Edited
by Robert P. Weeks. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall, 1962.


Young,
Philip. Ernest Hemingway : A Reconsideration. University Park :
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1966.



Articles


Allen,
Charles A. "Ernest Hemingway's Clean, Well‑lighted Heroes”, Pacific
Spectator, IX
(Aut. 1955), 383‑89.


Atkinson,
Brooks. "Hemingway turns to Defamation of Character", Houston Chronicle,
July 8, 1964, Sec. 7, 6.


Barbour,
James. "Fugue State as a Literary Device in 'Cat in the Rain' and 'Hills Like
White Elephants'. ArQ. 1988 Summer, 44(2) .


Bartlett,
Norman. "Hemingway : The Hero as Self." Quadrant 71 (1971) ‑
1320
.


Beaux,
K. and Lewis, L.L. "Components of Gender Stereotypes". Psychological
Documents,
13, 25, 1983.


Becker,
George J. "Theodore Dreiser ‑ The Realist as Social Critic," Twentieth
Century Literature, 1
(October 1955), 117‑127.


Bewley,
Marius. "F. Scott Fitzgerald : Criticism of America," Sewanee Review,
LXII, Sp. 1954.


Bourne,
Randolph. "Dreiser as Hero," New Republic (Fall, Literary Review), Nov.
20, 1915.


Bricknel,
J.W. "The Waste Land of Fitzgerald," The Virginia Quarterly Review, XXX,
Fall, 1964, pp. 556,


Bruccoli,
Matthew J., Ed. "Conversations with Ernest Hemingway". Jackson
University, Press of Mississippi, 1986. Plimpton, George. "Interview with
Ernest Hemingway." The Paris Review 5 (Spring 1958) : 60‑89.


Burkhart,
Bobert E. "Hemingway, Names, and Men at War." The Hemingway Review, Moscow,
ID,
1992.


Burnam,
Tom, "Primitivism and Masculinity in the work of Ernest Hemingway," Modern
Fiction Studies, 1,
3 (August 1955) pp 20‑24.


Busch,
Frederick. "Reading Hemingway Without Guilt". The New York Times Book Review.
Jan. 12, 1992.


Catalano,
Susan M. "Henpecked to Heroism : Placing Rip Van Winkle and Francis Macomber in
the American Renegade Tradition." Hemingway Review, 17.2 spring,
1998.


Cheatham,
George. "Sign the Wire with Love : The Morality of Surplus in the Sun also
Rises." The Hemingway Review,
Moscow : ID 1992.


Clifford,
P. Stephen. "The Tyranny of Biography : Hemingway's Readers and the Fascination
for Papa". College Literature, Vol. 24 : 2. 1997.


Colvert,
James B. "Ernest Hemingway's Morality in Action" American Literature, XXVII
(Nov. 1955), 372‑385.


Connell
R. "Arms and the Man" EGM, UNESCO, Oslo, Norway, 1997.


Connell
R. The Politics of Changing Men. http:/www.lib.latrdbe.
edu.au/chr/archive/issue.Dec‑1996/Connel.htm.


Constantinople,
A. " Masculinity‑ femininity : An exception to a famous dictum ?"
Psychological Bulletin,
80, 389‑407, 1973.


Cowie,
Alexander. "The New Heroines Code for Virtue," American Scholar (Spring,
1935).


Cowley,
Malcolm. "F. Scott Fitzgerald : The Romance of Money," Western Review, XVII,
Summer 1953.


Cunningham,
Bonnie Wilde. "Autobiography and Anaesthesia : Ernest Hemingway, Strom Jameson,
and Me." Women's Studies 24 (Sept. 1995): 615‑629.


DeVost,
Nadine. "Hemingway's Girls : Unnaming and Renaming Hemingway's Female
Characters." The Hemingway Review 14.1 (1994).


Dijketra,
Bram. "The Androgyny in 19th Century Art 8& Literature," Comparative
Literature. Vol. XXVI,
Winter 1974, No. I pp. 62‑73


Duff,
C. Stepping through the eye of power: Foucault, limits and the
construction of masculinity. http://www.gut,edu.au/edu/ep_ol
foucault/duff/html.
2000.


Fenichel,
Otto. "The symbolic Equation : Girl = Phallus". The Psychoanalytic Quarterly
18
(1949).


Fleming,
Robert. "Dismantling the Code: Hemingway's A Man of the World". The Hemingway
Review,
Moscow, ID 1992.


Freud,
Sigmund. "Repression" General Psychological Theory : Papers on
Metapsychology.
1915. Ed. Philip Rieff, New York: Collier, 1963.


Frohock,
Otto. "F. Scott Fitzgerald‑ Morals and Manners," The South West Review,
XL, Sum. 1955.


Gaggin,
John. “Hemingway and Nineteenth ‑ Century Aestheticism”. Ann Arbor: Univ.
Microfilms Internat. Research P; 1988.


Gajdusek,
Linda. "Toward Wider Use of Literature in ESL.; Why and How." TESOLQ.
1988 June, 22(2) : 227‑257.


Gajdusek,
Robert E. "Pilar's Tale : The Myth and the Message". Hemingway Review. Vol.
10,
1990.


Garrick,
John. "Two Bulls Locked in Fight : The Rivalry of Hemingway and Malraux in
Spain." North Dakota Quarterly,
Grand Forks, 1992.


Gates,
David. "Resurrecting Papa," Newsweek, New York, 133 : 15,
1999.


Geismar,
Maxwell. "Dreiser and the Dark Texture of Life," American Scholar XXII
(Spring 1982), 215‑221.


Gilbert,
Sandra. "Costumes of the Mind : Transvestism as metaphor in Modern Literature",
Critical Inquiry, Vol. 7 Winter, 1980.


Gilmour,
David. Hemingway's. "Hills Like White Elephants". Explicator, Washington,
41 (Summer 1983).

الملفات المرفقة

الساعات المكتبية

الساعات المكتبية

أعلان هام

إعلان هام

أرقام الاتصال

أرقام الاتصال

إحصائية الموقع

عدد الصفحات: 8

البحوث والمحاضرات: 1

الزيارات: 5036