Grammar

 

The Simple Present Tense

Form


A:            In the affirmative the simple present tense has the same form as the infinitive but adds an ‘s’ or ‘es’ for the third person singular.

Affirmative Form:

Example:             I work everyday.                                              You work everyday.

                                He/She/It works everyday.                         We work everyday.

                                They work everyday.

Negative Form:

Example:             I do not work everyday.                                                You do not work everyday.

                                He/She/It does not work everyday.        We do not work everyday.

                                They do not work everyday.

Interrogative Form:

Example:             Do I work everyday?                                      Do you work everyday?

                                Does he/she/it work everyday?                                Do we work everyday?

                                Do they work everyday?

Negative Interrogative Form:

Example:             Do I not work everyday?                              Do you not work everyday?

                                Does he/she/it not work everyday?        Do we not work everyday?

                                Do they not work everyday?


B:            Contractions: the verb do is normally contracted in the negative and negative interrogative as:

                I don’t work. He doesn’t work. Don’t I work? etc.


C:            Spelling Notes: Verbs ending in ss, sh, ch, x and o add ‘es’ instead of ‘s’ alone, to form the third person singular, e.g.,

                I kiss, he kisses                                                                  I catch, he catches

                You fix, he fixes                                                                                I wash, he washes

                We go, he goes


                When ‘y’ follows a consonant we change the ‘y’ into ‘I’ and add ‘es’:

                I carry, he carries.                            I copy, he copies              I try, he tries.


                But verbs ending in ‘y’ following a vowel obey the usual rule:

                I obey, he obeys                              I play, he plays                  I say, he says

USES OF SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE:

A.      The main use of the simple present tense is to express habitual actions.


He smokes.                                Dogs bark.                           Cats drink milk.


This tense does not tell us whether or not the action is being performed at the moment of speaking, and if we want to make this clear we must add a verb in the present continuous tense:


He is working. He always works at night.

My dog barks a lot, but he isn’t barking at the moment.


B.      It is often used with adverbs or adverb phrases such as: Always, never, occasionally, often, sometimes, usually, everyday, on Mondays etc.


How often do you wash you clothes?

I go to church on Sundays.                                   It rains in winter.


C.      With time clauses expressing routine or habitual actions such as: whenever and when

Whenever it rains the roof leaks.


When you open the door the light goes on. Etc.


D.      It is also used with very ‘say’, when we are asking about or quoting from books, notices or very recently received letters:


What does that notice say? -              It says, ‘ No smoking’.

What does the book say?     -              It says, ‘Walk slowly.’

She says she is coming to Pakistan next Monday.


E.       It can be used in Newspaper Headlines:


MASS MURDERER ESCAPES                                 PEACE TALKS FAIL


F.       It can be used for dramatic narrative:


This is particularly useful when describing the action of a play, opera etc., and is often used by radio commentators at sports events, public functions etc.:

When the curtain rises, Juliet is writing at her desk. Suddenly the window opens and a masked man enters.


G.     It can be used for planned future action or series of action, particularly when they refer to a journey. Travel agents use it a good deal:


We leave London at 10.00 next Tuesday and arrive in Paris at 13.00. We spend two days in Paris and leave again on Thursday at 13:00, etc.


H.      It must be used instead of the present continuous with verbs which cannot be used in the continuous forms, e.g., love, see, believe, etc.


I love you but not I am loving you.

I.        It is used in conditional sentences, type 1:

If I see Sara I will ask her.

Unless the take the brake off the car won’t move.

J.         It is also used in time clauses:

a)      When there is an idea of routine:

As soon as he ears any money he spends it.

She takes the boy to school before she goes to work.

b)      When the main verb is in a future form:

It will stop raining soon. Then we will go out =

When it stops raining we will go out.

الساعات المكتبية

الساعات المكتبية


Mohammad Seemab Khan

 

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION IN AL–ZULFI, AL- MAJMAAH UNIVERSITY, KSA                

ENGLISH LANGUAGE COURSE

WEEKLY SCHEDULE (Jan, 2015 – June, 2015)

ENG - 323; ENG - 125, ENG – 122, ENG - 222 and ENG - 124

 

Day

8:00 - 10:00

10:00  -  12:00

12:00 – 1:00

1:00 – 03:00

 

SUN

 

 

 

 

B

 

 

 

 

 

MON

 

ENG – 323 : G` - 372

Semantics

R – F 133 B

(9:00 – 10:00)

 

ENG –125: G - 329

Writing – 1

R – F 117

 

 

 

 

R

 

ENG – 122 : G – 320

Grammar - 2

R – F 133 B

(1:00 – 2:00 p.m.)

 

 

TUE

 

 

OFFICE HOURS

 

ENG – 222: G - 350

L. Strategies

R – F 123

(1:00 – 2:00 p.m.)

 

 

 

E

 

 

OFFICE HOURS

 

 

WED

 

ENG – 124: G - 328

Reading - 2

R – F 126

 

 

 

ENG – 124: G - 328

Reading - 2

R – F 126

(10:00 – 11:00)

 

 

 

 

A

 

ENG – 323: G - 372

Semantics

R – F 123

 

 

 

THU

 

ENG – 122 : G - 320

Grammar - 2

R – F 146

 

 

 

OFFICE HOURS

 

K

 

 

R = Room                              G = Group                             Total Teaching Hours: 13

­

 

This Schedule Starts on 01/02/2015

 

(Dr. Abdul Karim Al-Harbir)                      (M. Seemab Khan)

Head of the Department                             Course Teacher

Mobile No. 0556235230, 0596734199

E-mail: [email protected]


أعلان هام

إعلان هام

أرقام الاتصال

0556235230

0596734199

[email protected]

[email protected]


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