Importance of Engl

 

Article Written by:

 Mohammad Seemab Khan, College of Science, Al-Zulfi

IMPORTANCE OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN THE MODERN WORLD

Language is a unique possession of human beings. It is a God’s special gift to mankind. It comes next to the food and makes human beings superior from other species of the world. This is the language due to which all the businesses of the world are going on. There are thousands of languages spoken in the world but English is the most well-known language among those.

The British Council says "English is the main language of books, newspapers, airports and air-traffic control, international business and academic conferences, science, technology, diplomacy, sport, international competitions, pop music and advertising”.

According to the research, English has an official or special status in at least seventy-five countries with a total population of over two billion. English is spoken as a native language by around 375 million and as a second language by around 375 million speakers in the world. Speakers of English as a second language will soon outnumber those who speak it as a first language. Around 750 million people are believed to speak English as a foreign language and demand of this language is increasing every day. It is estimated that over two-thirds of the world's scientists read in English, three quarters of the world's mail is written in English, eighty per cent of the world's electronically stored information is in English and forty million users use it on the Internet."

Gustavo O. says, "English is an easy language. There are no accents, the tenses of verbs are simplified and the adjectives are invariable". You need English to travel around the world - it's a language almost everybody understands - so it's easier to communicate with people from different cultures and you must speak and understand English if you want a good job especially with information technology field like, computers".

English is part of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family of languages. By year 1000, the English language consisted of approximately 40,000 words. Nowadays, the number has grown to more than 500,000. If we calculate the average of words created per century, this comes to 46,000. A great number of words found in the English vocabulary were borrowed from Latin, French, Low German, and the Scandinavian languages. We also know that some periods were more fertile than others: invasions, contact with other cultures, inventions, technological progress, music, fashion are some of the factors which have helped to enrich the language.

British colonialism in the 19th century and American capitalism and technological progress in the 20th century were undoubtedly the main causes for the spread of English throughout the world.

From around 1750 to 1950 the British Empirecovered about a quarter of the globe. It was one of the most powerful empires, the world has ever known. The colonies gradually freed themselves but about fifty countries chose to keep a connection withBritainby belonging to the “The British Commonwealth”. English is spoken all over the Commonwealth either as a native or an official language, and the British monarch is the symbolic head of the association.

TheUSAhas played a leading role in most domains for the last hundred years. At the end of the 19th century and first quarter of the 20th, it welcomed millions of European immigrants who had fled their countries ravaged by war, poverty or famine. This labour force strengthened American industries and development. TheHollywoodfilm industry also attracted many foreign artists in quest of fame and fortune and the number of American films produced every year soon flooded the market. Before the Treaty of Versailles (1919), which ended the First World War betweenGermanyand the Allies, diplomacy was conducted in French. However, President Wilson succeeded in having the treaty in English as well. Since then, English started being used in diplomacy and gradually in economic relations and the media. During the II World War,Americaintervened both militarily and economically to saveEuropefrom chaos. From then onwards, the United States have consolidated their cultural, economical and technological power: inventions, rock and roll, the first man on the moon, the revolution of the Internet, the country's growing prosperity and commercial aggressiveness have contributed to the further expansion and importance of English in the world today.

No one denies the importance of English language in the present time as a global language. It is clear that the English language has become more dominant around the world. In some countries it is used as the mother tongue and some other countries learn it as second language. This makes English widespread. In addition, many other reasons, which contribute the rise of English like; use for communication between people around the world, a language of modern times and a language of science and information technology.

Also one of reasons that contributed to the spread of English is the language of the modern era. The people use it in various fields of life such as; economy, e-commerce, medicine and aviation etc. In addition, it is the language which is used in the tourism also. These reasons inspire the people to learn English.

One of the main reasons, why the English is dominant in the present time is its use in the field of education by universities and institutes for scientific research. It has become an addendum to the mastery of scientific individual stock. On the other hand, the English has become an essential requirement in most government and private jobs.

Some people describe language as a "complex, multifaceted, multifunctional entity" with various factors governing its development. Hence, they see the teachers teaching English communicatively. According to them, grammatical competence is very important and consider it a part of the overall communicative competence demonstrated by the language users. However, they do not see the functional use of the language that expresses attitudes, feelings, persuasion, imaginations, social and other information.

The important role of teachers in language development, as a means to provide "naturalistic samples" of contextualized language, and time allocated to English on the national curriculum of any country. Teachers’ role should be as critical reflector, needs analyst, competent language user and professional, skilled and autonomous decision maker. In other words, teachers resorting to their epistemic repertoire and designing and selecting varied motivating and meaningful tasks for their students, which arouse their motivation and engage them in using the language interactively and analytically, as language learning and acquisition have multiple paths and means and language is a "living entity" and not a fact-based school subject, which can be memorized for examination purposes. Teachers, therefore, need to be proficient and competent language users. They themselves need to be able to use the target language communicatively, prior to training their students to do so. In this point of view, this paper, hence, examines from an ideological perspective the importance of English language knowledge for any ESL education and policy implementation in any country.

English is an effective tool for 'modernization'. It receives political, economic and legislative power and substantial attention from the government and other institutes, which determine its place on the social hierarchy. English is considered as a resource for "national development" and its choice has been based upon "transition" purposes. English is considered as a fundamental tool that facilitates - a gradual and systematic process through which the expatriate labor force is replaced by a qualified native one. It is a prerequisite for finding a white-collar job nowadays.

The importance of English Language in the countries where English is not the first language, is alternatively known as English as a Second Language or Foreign Language (ESL/EFL) refers to an intensive English language learning program or course taken by speakers of other languages.

In other words, ESL is a course that is designed to teach English to individuals whose native language is not English or who are not proficient in this language or who cannot effectively listen, fluently speak, read, or write. People across the globe take ESL courses for a plethora of reasons. However, the primary purpose of an ESL course is to make an individual, proficient in the use of the English language.

English as a second language course is primarily designed with a range of techniques and methodologies to develop listening, speaking, reading, writing, and vocabulary skills with regard to the English language. The topics covered in English as a Second Language courses include grammar, use of idioms and phrasal verbs, picture dictionaries, vocabulary, spelling, and punctuation. Mostly, the course is inclusive of a multitude of activities, which among many others are:

-           Imparting effective classes along with seminars and workshops for individuals and groups.

-           Preparing and developing useful notes and other materials on the English language scheduling schemes of work.

-           Tracking records of students

-           Tailoring programs according to the skills and requirements of candidates.

-           Implementation of most modern tools for training, such as, multimedia and video conferencing facilities.

-           Specialized programs are also available in different countries for those engaged in such professions as airline services, hotel management, and nursing. Likewise, there are special courses for students engaged in advanced research programs.

Some advanced level ESL courses include topics that emphasize on preparation of some kind of exams, like, TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language), IELTS (International English Language Testing System), and the Cambridge Exam. This type of ESL programs usually cover classes on the English grammar, vocabulary listening, and writing and speaking skills vital for university admission. In addition, for those who want to enhance their language skills in a particular area of professional study, then taking ESL programs such as English for Specific programs would be beneficial.

Most popular ESL programs also include one to one instruction, independent study with the help of sophisticated learning tools, and group instruction. Advanced General English courses and Conversational English Courses are the other prominent ESL programs. Let it be any type of English as a second language program, the curriculum starts with training on basic skills in the language. Then, the training is switched over to the development of communication skills as well as the other modules of language training.

One of the prime benefits of ESL programs is that it serves as a great way to fill in the missing gap in your knowledge or skills, since they are mostly inclusive of innovative classes and educational events. Another prime benefit of this program is that it helps you attain success in much desirable courses, such as TOEFL exam, which is vital in order to enroll or work in aU.S.schools or firms.

However, the benefits of an ESL programs are far beyond the educational and employment opportunities it renders. An ESL program can help improve an individual's linguistic skills, thereby making them adept in comprehending complexities arising as a result of the language's grammar as well as meaning. Also, included in ESL programs' advantages are improved social interaction skills and ability to work in a creative environment.

Today learning English language is very important, not to say really essential. Once children started learning English just since the junior high, today everything is different.

English language teaching classes start from day nursery, where children attending the “courses”, beyond coming all from different parts of the country or countries, can learn English by playing. Through the use of very easy songs, they will mainly learn names of colors and animals. The learning of a foreign language, especially English, through a deep relationship between language and culture, contribute to enrich children’s cognitive background, making them expand their mental and cultural horizons.

To do so, it is very useful that children learn foreign language since nursery school, when their mind is still free from a lot of notions and ready to store up new information. Since the age of two and half years, (but some researchers say also before this age), a child is able to learn very well even more than one foreign language and as adult he will speak all of them in the same way, as they all were their mother tongue. This is the main advantage to make learn a foreign language and we are talking especially about English) since child. It is certain that children will surely make less effort than an adult to learn English language (or another foreign language, maybe even more than one). A useful advice is to speak English also at home and outside home. This way a child can learn both languages at the same level. Since today it seems that bilingualism also has a positive effect on our brain. A research from the York University of Toronto in Canada, has even shown that people, who daily speak fluently two foreign languages, have a strong chance to delay of several years the arise of some kind of dementia such as the Alzheimer’s disease.

The teachers might have learned a great deal about the rules and the system of English. However, the scarce application of these rules in genuine interactive situations results in failure to use the language communicatively and purposefully. This is typical of contexts where ELT is characterized as textbook-based, teacher-centered, exam and memory-oriented, product and transmission-based and top-down. The aim of the textbook in particular and the rigidly and strictly controlled and centralized education in some Arab countries, in general is to sabotage the world's first international language and use it mainly as a tool to present and emphasize "selective traditions" and "interested knowledge", which represents the interest of certain individuals and the dominant group(s) through exposure to certain authorized and prescribed texts and predefined and controlled modes of knowledge delivery.

English is treated like any other fact-based subject on the curriculum of such countries where the students more or less fail to see its relevance. The mid-term and final-term exams, which are largely based on the syllabus, drive and determine the students' motivation to a great extent in some Arab countries. Such exam-based system makes language subservient to knowledge. Education conducted in this manner is much more controllable and facilitates quantitative measurement of learning. Students in such schools are refrained from thinking critically and analytically, while they are merely spoon-fed by the prescribed "official knowledge" found in the school textbooks.

Furthermore, it has also been found that time given to ELT on the school/college curriculum is insufficient that attributes the underlying the unsatisfactory command of English language and, limited and rare exposure to English, incomplete acquisition in foreign language classroom setting is probably the lack of time available for contact with the language".

English is an international language so it acts as a medium for people of different nations. It is a common mode or tongue in which one can communicate his thoughts. It is also said that English is easy as compared to French, Japanese or Hindi. Nowadays, it makes a standard for a person in the society. A person with poor English is often characterised as an illiterate man. This shows the importance of English in the modern world.

Now the world doesn't have boundaries. You can go anywhere, accept job anywhere and settle down - for that English is very important. English has recognised as an international language and minimum 60% of the world population speaks this language.

English is very important today, because if you want to go anywhere in the world, you will find people speaking in English, so you can communicate them well.

Another aspect of this language that makes it more important that, currently this language is mostly taught as a second language around the world. Some linguists believe that it is no longer the exclusive cultural sign of "native English speakers", but is rather a language that is absorbing aspects of cultures worldwide as it continues to grow. It is, by international treaty, the official language for aerial and maritime communications, as well as one of the official languages of the European Union, the United Nations, and most international athletic organisations, including the International Olympic Committee.

After a comprehensive discussion on the topic, I explored the different aspects, effects, use of this language in the world, use in different field of studies, professions, institutions, used as first language in some countries, mostly taught as 2nd language, future of this language and more; shows the importance of this language in this modern era.

Article Written by:


Mohammad Seemab Khan

English Language Lecturer,

College of Science, Al-Zulfi

الساعات المكتبية

الساعات المكتبية


Mohammad Seemab Khan

 

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION IN AL–ZULFI, AL- MAJMAAH UNIVERSITY, KSA                

ENGLISH LANGUAGE COURSE

WEEKLY SCHEDULE (Jan, 2015 – June, 2015)

ENG - 323; ENG - 125, ENG – 122, ENG - 222 and ENG - 124

 

Day

8:00 - 10:00

10:00  -  12:00

12:00 – 1:00

1:00 – 03:00

 

SUN

 

 

 

 

B

 

 

 

 

 

MON

 

ENG – 323 : G` - 372

Semantics

R – F 133 B

(9:00 – 10:00)

 

ENG –125: G - 329

Writing – 1

R – F 117

 

 

 

 

R

 

ENG – 122 : G – 320

Grammar - 2

R – F 133 B

(1:00 – 2:00 p.m.)

 

 

TUE

 

 

OFFICE HOURS

 

ENG – 222: G - 350

L. Strategies

R – F 123

(1:00 – 2:00 p.m.)

 

 

 

E

 

 

OFFICE HOURS

 

 

WED

 

ENG – 124: G - 328

Reading - 2

R – F 126

 

 

 

ENG – 124: G - 328

Reading - 2

R – F 126

(10:00 – 11:00)

 

 

 

 

A

 

ENG – 323: G - 372

Semantics

R – F 123

 

 

 

THU

 

ENG – 122 : G - 320

Grammar - 2

R – F 146

 

 

 

OFFICE HOURS

 

K

 

 

R = Room                              G = Group                             Total Teaching Hours: 13

­

 

This Schedule Starts on 01/02/2015

 

(Dr. Abdul Karim Al-Harbir)                      (M. Seemab Khan)

Head of the Department                             Course Teacher

Mobile No. 0556235230, 0596734199

E-mail: [email protected]


أعلان هام

إعلان هام

أرقام الاتصال

0556235230

0596734199

[email protected]

[email protected]


إحصائية الموقع

عدد الصفحات: 7

البحوث والمحاضرات: 1

الزيارات: 6089