Descriptions of Pe

 

 

English idioms relating to
DESCRIPTIONS OF PEOPLE (personality-character-appearance)

  Abbreviated piece of nothing

  This slang expression refers to someone who is considered to be
  insignificant or worthless.
  Bob doesn't think much of his new colleague.  He calls him an
  'abbreviated piece of nothing'!

  All brawn and no brain

  Someone who is physically very strong but not very intelligent is said
  to be all brawn and no brain.
  "
He's an impressive player to watch, but he's all brawn and no brain."

  All sizzle and no steak

  Someone or something that turns out to be disappointing, after a
  promotional campaign or marketing operation which led us to expect
  something better, is called all sizzle and no steak.
  "Because of all the electoral promises he made, which so far he has failed
  to keep, many people call the new president "all sizzle and no steak".

 (You can't be) all things to all people

  If you are all things to all people you please or satisfy everyone.
  She's exhausted trying to be a good wife, a good mother and a good
  teacher, but she can't be all things to all people.

  Alter ego

  The term alter ego, which in Latin means 'other self',
  refers to a very close and trusted friend who is very like yourself.

  The apple of your eye.

  If somebody is the apple of your eye, this means that you like
   them very much :
 "My grandson is the apple of my eye".

  Armchair critic

  An armchair critic is someone who gives advice based on theory
  rather than practice.
 "That guy is such an armchair critic, no experience but plenty of advice! "

  Armchair traveller

  Someone who reads books or watches TV programmes about other
  places and countries but doesn't actually travel anywhere is called an  
  armchair traveller
.
  A surprising number of adventure books are bought by armchair travellers.

  A bad egg

 To refer to someone as a bad egg means that they cannot be
  trusted.
  "I don't want my son to be friends with Bobby Smith. 
  Bobby's a bad egg."

  Behind the times

  A person who is behind the times has old-fashioned ideas and
  does not keep up with modern life in general.
  "Jane doesn't have a mobile phone.  She's completely behind the times."

  Big cheese

  This expression refers to a person who has a lot of power and influence
  in an organization.
 
"Tom's father is a big cheese in the oil industry."

  Big fish in a small pond

  This term is used to refer to an important or highly-ranked person
  in a small group or organization.
  
"He could get a job with a big company but he enjoys being
  a big fish in a small pond."

  Born with a silver spoon in one's 
  mouth.

  To say that someone was born with a silver spoon in
  their mouth
means that their family is very rich and privileged.
  "She never has to worry about money; she was born with a silver
  spoon in her mouth."

  Butter wouldn't melt in your mouth.

  If you say that somebody looks as if butter wouldn't melt in
  their mouth
, you are saying that they look completely innocent,
  but that they are capable of doing unpleasant things.

  Call a spade a spade

  A person who calls a spade a spade speaks openly and truthfully
  about something, especially difficult matters.
  "What I like about the new manager is that he calls a spade a spade -
  it makes things so much easier for everyone."

  A fat cat

 To refer to a rich and powerful person as a fat cat means that
 you disapprove of the way they use their money or power.

  Cat's whiskers

 This expression refers to someone who considers themselves
  to be better than others in a particular area - beauty, competence, 
  intelligence, sport, etc.,
  "Ever since she got a promotion, she thinks she's the cat's whiskers!"

  Like chalk and cheese.

  Two people who are like chalk and cheese are completely
  different from each other.

  A chip off the old block

  If you refer to a person as a chip off the old block, you mean that
  they resemble one of their parents in appearance, character or behaviour.
  "James is a chip off the old block - he reacts exactly the same way as
  his father."

  A class act

 To say that someone, for example an athlete or an entertainer, is
  a class act means that they are very good at what they do.
 "Her career is just beginning but she's already a class act."

  As cool as a cucumber.

  A person who is as cool as a cucumber is a person who is
  not anxious, but relaxed and non-emotional.

  A couch potato

  If you refer to someone as a couch potato, you criticize them for
  spending a lot of time sitting and watching television.
  "Don't be such a couch potato.  There are better ways of spending
  your time than in front of the TV."

  Not cut out for something

  If you are not cut out for something, you are not the sort of person
  to succeed or be happy in a particular activity.
  "I started studying medicine but I quickly realized I wasn't cut out for it."

  Dead wood

  The term dead wood refers to people or things which are no longer
  considered useful or necessary.
  "The new manager wants to reduce costs by cutting out the dead wood."

  (not) do justice
  (to someone or something)

  If you do not show the true value of someone or something, you do
  not do justice to them/it.
  "The photograph doesn't do her justice; she's really much prettier
  than that."

  A dog in the manger

  A person referred to as a dog in the manger is someone who
  stops others enjoying something he cannot use or doesn't want.

  Doubting Thomas

  A 'doubting Thomas' is as person who will not believe something
  without proof, or without seeing it for themselves.

  Down at heel

  A person who is down-at-heel is someone whose appearance is untidy
  or neglected because of lack of money.
  "The down-at-heel student I first met became a successful writer."

  Down to earth

  Someone who is down to earth is not a dreamer but a realistic and
  practical person who has sensible reactions and expectations.
  "Don't ask Suzy for help.  She's fun, but not very down to earth."

  Dressed to kill

  When someone, especially a woman, is dressed to kill, they are
  wearing very fashionable or glamorous clothes intended to attract
  attention.
  "She arrived at the reception dressed to kill."

  Dressed up to the nines

  To describe someone as dressed up to the nines means
  that they are wearing very smart or glamorous clothes. 
  "Caroline musts be going to a party -
   she's dressed up to the nines!"

  Dyed-in-the-wool

  This expression is used to describe a person who has fixed,
  uncompromising, deep-felt beliefs to which they are committed.
  "Bob and Jane are dyed-in-the-wool ecologists who use only
  biodegradable products."

  Eager beaver

  The term eager beaver refers to a person who is hardworking and
  enthusiastic, sometimes considered overzealous.
  "The new accountant works all the time - first to arrive and last to leave
  - a real eager beaver!"

  Eagle eyes

  Someone who has eagle eyes sees or notices things more easily
  than others.
  "Tony will help us find it - he's got eagle eyes!"

  Even steven

  Two or more people who are even stevens are equal to each other. 
  None of them has more than the others; none is owed anything or
  has anything due.
 "The two boys shared equally the money they made delivering pizzas
  so now they're even stevens."

  Every Tom, Dick and Harry.

 This expression means everyone or everybody.
 
"Every Tom, Dick and Harry has a credit card these days!"

  Eyes like a hawk

  If you've got eyes like a hawk, you've got good eyesight and notice
  every detail.
 
"Of course Dad will notice the scratch on his car - he's got eyes like
  a hawk!  "

  Face like a bulldog chewing a
  wasp

  To say that someone has a face like a bulldog chewing a wasp
 
means that you find them very unattractive because they have a
  screwed-up ugly expression on their face.
  "Not only was he rude but he had a face like a bulldog chewing a wasp!

  Face like a wet weekend

  If someone has a face like a wet weekend, they are wearing 
  a sad expression and look miserable.
  "What's wrong with Pete? He's got a face like a wet weekend."

  Face like thunder

  If someone has a face like thunder, they look very angry.
  "When Dad is really angry, he has a face like thunder!"

  Face only a mother could love

  This is a humoristic way of saying that someone is ugly or
  not attractive.
 "The poor guy has a face only a mother could love."

  Fast talker

  A person who speaks quickly and easily but cannot always be trusted
  is called a fast talker.
 
"The salesman was a fast talker and persuaded the old lady to buy
  a new washing machine."

  Fat cat

  To refer to a rich and powerful person as a fat cat means that
  you disapprove of the way they use their money or power.
  "The place was full of fat cats on their big yachts."

  To a fault

  To say that somebody has a good quality to a fault means that
  they have a lot, or even too much, of that quality.
 
"My aunt is generous to a fault, ready to help anyone to claims
  to be in need."

  Feet of clay

  If someone who is admired is found to have a hidden weakness,
  fault or defect of character, they are said to have feet of clay.
  "
No one is perfect. Many successful people have feet of clay."

  Fifth wheel

 This expression refers to a person who finds themselves in a situation
  where their presence is unnecessary and as a result they feel useless.
  "Everyone seemed to have a specific role except me. I felt like a fifth
   wheel."

  Five o'clock shadow

  This expression refers to a patch of stubble on the face of a man
  who hasn't shaved for at least a day.
  "He looked tired and had a five o'clock shadow."

  Fixed in your ways

  People who are fixed in their ways do not want to change their
  normal way of doing things.
  "My grandparents are very fixed in their ways."

  Fly-by-night

  A 'fly-by-night' person, business or venture is considered untrustworthy
  because they operate briefly and disappear overnight.
 "I bought it in one of those fly-by-night stores and now I can't exchange
   it. The place has closed down."

  (As) fresh as a daisy

  Someone who is as fresh as a daisy is lively and attractive,
  in a clean and fresh way.
 
"I met Molly the other day. She looked as fresh as a daisy!"

  Full of hot air

  A person who full of hot air is full of nonsense and talks a lot
 without saying anything worthwhile.
 "Don't listen to Tony. He's full of hot air!"

  (Full of the) milk of human kindness

  Someone who has, or is full of, the milk of human kindness, is
  naturally kind and compassionate to others.
   " She's a wonderful person - full of the milk of human kindness."

  Full of piss and vinegar

  People who are full of piss and vinegar are very lively, boisterous
  or full of youthful vitality.
  "I had to look after a group of kids full of piss and vinegar."

  Fur coat and no knickers

  A person who tries to appear distinguished but has no real class
  is referred to as "fur coat and no knickers".
 
"Don't let her impress you.  She's what we call 'fur coat and no knickers'!

  Going places

  To say that someone is going places means that they show
  talent and ability that will no doubt lead to a successful future.
 
"Even at college it was obvious that Paul was going places."

  Sour grapes.

  To say that someone's attitude is "sour grapes" means that
  they are trying to make others believe that something they cannot have
  is of no importance.
  "When she didn't get the job she said she wasn't interested in it anyway,
  but that's just sour grapes!"

  Hairy at the heel

  A person who is hairy at the heel is thought to be untrustworthy
  or even dangerous.
  "Rumour has it that the owner of the club is a bit hairy at the heel."

  Hard as nails

  A person who is as hard as nails is someone very unsympathetic
  who does not seem to care about others.

  Have your head in the clouds

  If you have your head in the clouds, you are so absorbed by your
  thoughts that you are not paying attention to what is happening
  around you.
  "He's doesn't listen to the teacher - he's got his head in the clouds
   all the time!"

  Have the makings of something

  A person who has the makings of something has qualities and
  potential that could be developed.
 
"The teacher says Sarah has the makings of an excellent journalist."

  Old head on young shoulders

 This expression is used to refer to a child or young person who
  thinks and expresses themselves like an older more-experienced
  person.    

  "When she heard Emily warning her little brother to stay out of trouble,
  her mum thought : "That's an old head on young shoulders".

  Head and shoulders above

  To say that a person or thing is head and shoulders above the
  others means that they are much better that the rest of their kind.
  "The award-winner was head and shoulders above the others."

  Hide one's light under a bushel

  If you hide your light under a bushel, you are modest or do not
  reveal a talent, quality or skill you possess.
  "So you play the saxophone in a club on Saturday nights - you really
  hide your light under a bushel, don't you!"

  High and mighty

  Someone who is high and mighty behaves in a haughty manner,
  as if they were superior to others.
 "Don't you get all high and mighty!" said my grandmother to my cousin.
  "Everyone helps with the housework in this house."

  Holier-than-thou

  This expression is used to describe the attitude of people who
  consider themselves to be more virtuous or morally superior to others.
 
"I can't stand the holier-then-thou attitude of some candidates."

  Horse of a different colour

  To describe a person or a problem as a horse of a different colour
 
means either that the person does things differently from others or
  that the nature of the problem is a entirely different.
  "I expected to negotiate with the sales manager but the chairman
  turned up - now he's a horse of a different colour!"

  A dark horse.

  If you refer to a person as a "dark horse", you mean that they
  are secretive, or that little is known about them.

  In a class of one's own

  If someone is in a class of their own, they are unequalled and
  considered better than anyone else of their kind.
  "As a singer, Maria Callas was in a class of her own."

  Jack of all trades.

   A "jack of all trades" is a person who can do many different things 
  but is not very good at any one of them.

  Just off the boat

  A person who is just off the boat is naive and lacks experience.
  "He's efficient although he look as if he's just off the boat."

  Keep up appearances

  A person who keeps up appearances maintains an outward show of
  prosperity or well-being in order to hide their difficulties from others.
  "He continued to keep up appearances even when business was bad."

  Knee-high to a grasshopper

  This term refers to a very young and small child
  "Look how tall you are! Last time I saw you, you were knee-high
  to a grasshopper!

  Last but not least

  When introducing a number of people, this expression is used
  to assure the audience that the last person mentioned is no less
  important than those previously named.
  "And now, last but not least, here is the final candidate."

  Laughing stock

  This expression refers to a person or group that everyone laughs at
  because they do something stupid or ridiculous.
  "If you wear that to school you'll be the laughing stock of the class!" 

  Life and soul of the party

  The life and soul of the party is the most lively and amusing
  person present at an event.
  "I'm so glad we invited Caroline. She was the life and soul of the party!"

  Live wire

  Someone who is highly vivacious, energetic and full of enthusiasm
  is a live wire.
  "Things have brightened up since Charlie arrived.  He's a real live wire."

  Long in the tooth

  A person who is long in the tooth is a bit too old to do something.
  "She's a bit long in the tooth for a cabaret dancer isn't she?"

  Look the part

  If you look the part, your appearance makes you ideally suited for a
  particular job or role.
  "It was a mistake to chose a pretty young girl to play the witch.
  She didn't look the part at all."

  Look a picture

  If someone or something looks a picture, they look very pretty.
  "The little girl looked a picture in her new dress."

  Look the picture of health

  To look the picture of health means to look completely or extremely
  healthy.
  "Nice to see you again Mr. Brown. I must say you look the picture of
  health."

  Look a sight

  If a person looks a sight, their appearance is awful, unsuitable
  or very untidy.
  "She looks a sight in that dress!"

  Loose cannon

  Someone who is referred to as a loose cannon is a member of a group
  who cannot be completely trusted because of unpredictable and
  irresponsible behaviour which can cause trouble or danger.   
  "Keep an eye on Jamie. He tends to turn into a loose cannon when he
  has a few drinks."

  Find/meet your match

  If you find or meet your match, you encounter someone who is equal
  to you in skills or abilities.
  "Barry is an excellent tennis player, but he met his match in William."

  Mouse potato

 This term refers to a person who spends a lot of time in front of the
  computer.
  "My son and his friends are all mouse potatoes - constantly glued to
   the computer!"

  All mouth and no trousers

  This is said of someone who talks a lot about doing something
  but never actually does it.
  "He keeps saying he's going to resign and travel around the world,
  but he's all mouth and no trousers!"

  Movers and shakers

  The term movers and shakers refers to people in power who take
  an active part in making things happen.
  "Movers and shakers are assembling in Brussels for the summit."

  Your name is mud

  To say that a person's name is mud means that they have acquired
  a bad reputation because of something they have done or said.
 
"His name is mud now after the revelations in the newspaper." 

  Nice as pie

  If a person is nice as pie, they are surprisingly very kind and friendly 
 
"After our argument, she was nice as pie!"

  Not a hair out of place
 

 To say that someone does not have a hair out of place means that
  their appearance is perfect.
  "Angela is always impeccably dressed - never a hair out of place!"

  Not have a stitch on

  Someone who does not have a stitch on is wearing no clothes
  and is therefore completely naked.
  "When the doorbell rang, he didn't have a stitch on!"

  Not the only pebble on the
  beach

  To say that someone is not the only pebble on the beach means
  that they are not the only person worth consideration or interest.
  "He thinks his refusal to join the team will cause problems, but there
  are alternatives ... he's not the only pebble on the beach."

  Out of character

  If you do something that is out of character, it is unlike your usual
  behaviour or not what is expected from you.
  "The way she panicked was out of character for such a normally
  calm person."

  A square peg in a round hole.

  To say that a person is a "square peg in a round hole", means
  that they are not suitable for the job they are doing or the situation
  they are in.

  A pen pusher.

  To refer to someone as a "pen pusher" means you think that person
  does work which requires little action, just office work, and they they
  lack operating experience.

  Pie-eyed

  Someone who is pie-eyed is completely drunk.
  "He had never taken an alcoholic drink so after one beer he was
  pie-eyed."

  A plum in your mouth

  Someone who speaks with an upper class accent is said to have
  a plum in their mouth.
 
"He speaks just like an aristocrat - with a plum in his mouth!"

  Plastic smile

  A person with a plastic smile is wearing a forced smile which
  makes them appear happier than they really are.
  "A receptionist greeted customers with a plastic smile."

  Poker face

 Someone who has a poker face has an expressionless face that shows
  no emotion or reaction at all.
  "He sat with a poker face all through the show, revealing nothing of his
  thoughts."

  Proud as a peacock

  A person who is as proud as a peacock is extremely proud.
 
"When his son won first prize, Bill was as proud as a peacock."

  Put your pants on one leg at a time

  To say that someone puts their pants on one leg at a time means
  that the person is a human being no different from anyone else.
  "Don't be scared to speak to him.  He puts his pants on one leg at
  a time just like the rest of us!"

  Have a quick temper

  If you have a quick temper, you get angry very easily.
  "He makes me nervous - he's got such a quick temper."

  Rotten apple

  This term refers to a person who is considered to be dishonest or
  immoral and has a bad influence on others in a group.
  
"It is said that in any profession there's always a rotten apple."

  Rough diamond

  This expression refers to a person who is good-natured but who
  lacks polished manners and/or education.
 
 "He's a great guy, but a bit of a rough diamond!"

  It runs in the family

  This refers to a physical or moral characteristic that is common to
  many members of a family
  "Black hair and blue eyes - the combination runs in the family."

  Saving grace

  A person who has a saving grace has a quality which prevents them
  from being totally bad.
  "She's a horrible person but she has one saving grace, her kindness
   to animals."

  (Have) Sea legs

  A person who has sea legs is used to walking on a moving ship,
  or has the ability to adjust to a new situation.
  "It takes a while in a new job to find your sea legs."

  Set in one's ways

  A person who is set in their ways is someone who is unable or
  unwilling to change their ideas, habits or methods, often because
  they are old
  "My grandmother has the same routine every day.  She's very set
  in her ways."

  Shrinking violet

  A person referred to as a shrinking violet is a timid or shy person.
  "The witness was no shrinking violet.  She had no difficulty
  expressing herself!"

  Significant other

  The term significant other refers to a person, such as a spouse,
  partner or lover, with whom you have a long-term relationship.

  Silver surfer

  A silver surfer is an elderly person who uses the internet.
  "After just a few lessons my grandmother was ready to join the
  silver surfers."

  Silver-tongued

  A person who is a smooth talker, and speaks so convincingly
  that they manage to persuade others to do what they want,
  is said to be silver-tongued.
 
"A silver-tongued salesman persuaded my mother to buy a new
   washing machine although the one she had was fine!"

  Sleeping /silent partner

  This term refers to a person who invests money in a business without
  taking an active part in its management, and whose association with
  the enterprise is not public knowledge.
 
"He works alone, but his business is partly financed by a
  sleeping partner
."

  Slippery as an eel

  To say that someone is as slippery as an eel means that they are
  difficult to catch and they manage to avoid answering questions.
 
"That man is as slippery as an eel.  He was arrested for theft several
  times but was never convicted."

  Small fry

  People or organizations that are unimportant can be referred to
  as 'small fry'. 
 
This term also refers to young children.
  "The police seized a large quantity of drugs and some small fry,
  but not the organizers they were hoping to catch."

  Smart alec

  A smart alec is an annoying self-assertive person who tries to
  show off how clever they are.
  "Some smart alec interrupted the game claiming that the answers
  were incorrect!"

  Small dog, tall weeds

  This expression is used to refer to someone you think is incapable
  or does not have the resources to perform a task.
  "It may be too difficult for the trainee - small dog, tall weeds!" 

  A social butterfly

  This term refers to a person who has a lot of friends and acquaintances
  and likes to flit from one social event to another.
  "Julie is constantly out and about; she's a real social butterfly."

  Spitting image

  If one person is the spitting image of another, they look exactly
  like each other.
  "Sarah is the spitting image of her mother."

  Square peg in a round hole

  To say that a person is a "square peg in a round hole", means
  that they are not suitable for the job they are doing or the situation
  they are in.
  "Sarah wasn't happy in her her job.  She said she felt like a square
  peg in a round hole."

  Straight as an arrow

  Someone who is as straight as an arrow is a morally upright person
  who is extremely honest.
 
"You can leave the keys with Andy.  He's as straight as an arrow."

  Straight as a ramrod

  Someone who is straight as a ramrod is a person who keeps a
  straight back and looks very serious.
  "When my grandfather invited us for dinner, he used to sit straight
  as a ramrod at the head of the table."

  As stubborn as a mule

  If someone is as stubborn as a mule, they are very obstinate and
  unwilling to listen to reason or change their mind.
  "His friends advised him to accept the offer, but you know Jack -
  he's as stubborn as a mule!"

  Talk the hind leg(s) off a donkey

  This expression is used to describe a very talkative person.
  "It's difficult to end a conversation with Betty.  She could talk the hind
  leg off a donkey!"

  Thin on the top

  If someone, usually a man, is said to be thin on the top,
  they are losing their hair or going bald.
  "Dad's gone a bit thin on the top in the last few years."

  Top dog

  To say that a person, group or country is top dog means that
  they are better or more powerful than others.
  "She's top dog in cosmetics today."

  Tough as old boots

  If something, especially meat, is (as) tough as old boots, it is
  hard to cut and difficult to chew.
  (Can also refer to a person who is strong physically or in character.)
  "We were served a steak as tough as old boots."

  A tough cookie

  A person who is a tough cookie is one who is self-confident and
  ambitious and will do what is necessary to achieve what they want.
  "I'm not worried about Jason's future.  He's a tough cookie!"

 Two of a kind

  People who are two of a kind are similar in character, attitude or
   tastes.
  "Pete and Tom are two of a kind. They enjoy sports and are both very
  competitive."

 (as) ugly as sin

  This expression is used to refer to people or things that are
  considered to be very unattractive.
 
"Have you seen the new neighbour's dog? It's as ugly as sin!"

  Upper crust

 This term refers to the higher levels of society, the upper class or
   the aristocracy.
  "William hides his working-class background and pretends to be
   from the upper crust."

  Vertically challenged

  This expression is a humoristic way of referring to someone who is
  not very tall.
  "High shelves are difficult for vertically challenged shoppers.

  A wet blanket

  A person who is a wet blanket is so boring or unenthusiastic
  that they prevent  other people from enjoying themselves.
  "Come on! Don't be such a wet blanket!"

  A whistle-blower

  If you report an illegal or socially-harmful activity to the authorities,
  and give information about those responsible for it, you are
  a whistle-blower
.
  "The bad working conditions were reported by a whistle-blower."

  Whiz-kid

  A whiz kid is someone, usually young, who is very talented and
  successful at doing something.
 "Apparently the new engineer knows what he's doing -
  a real whiz-kid from what I've heard."

  Winning ways

  If a person has winning ways, they have a charming or persuasive
  manner of gaining the affection of others or obtaining what they want.
  "My grandson is hard to resist - he's got such winning ways."

  Worth one's/its weight in gold

  Someone or something that is worth its weight in gold is
  considered to be extremely helpful or useful and therefore of great
  value.
  "We couldn't run the farm without Tom. He's worth his weight in gold."

  Worlds apart

  When two people are very different, they are said to be worlds apart.
 
"As


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الاربعاء:10-12

أعلان هام

أرجو ا من جميع الطلاب الذين طلبت منهم الحضور لمكتبي لأخذ المقاطع الصوتية فيما يخص مادة الاستماع التواصل معي غدا الاثنين وبعدغد الثلاثاء وذلك للأهمية ولقرب موعد اختبارات منتصف الفصل وتقبلوا فائق تقديري

أرجوا من جميع الطلاب في حال مواجهة أي صعوبة أو التباس في فهم اي نقطه من المقررات التي ادرسها لهم عدم التردد في الاتصال بي ومراجعتي في مكتبي مع امنياتي القلبية لكم جميعا بالتوفيق والنجاح واوصيكم ونفسي بتقوى الله والجد والمثابره

سلام من الله عليكم جميعا -- ارجو  ان يكون الجميع قد استمتع بعطله جميله ونرجع ونقول من طلب العلا سهر الليالي ---ارجو من كل الطلاب العودة بقوة وحماس الشباب للنهل من العلم والله يوفقكم ويرعاكم

اعلان هام للغاية لطلاب Eng002وطلاب Eng001سوف يقام امتحان مهارة الاستماع في اخر اسبوع دراسي ---يوم الاثنين الموافق 23-6-1433----أهيب بكل الطلاب الحضور والحرص والا سوف يعتبر غائب ويفقد درجة الامتحان --واسال الله لكم التوفيق والنجاح وارجو عدم التردد في سؤالي في حال وجود اي استفسار ---ولا تنسونا من صالح الدعاء

سلام من الله عليكم 

أهيب بكل الطلاب الذين تغيبوا عن الاختبار الفصلي ان يراجعوني الاحد القادم باذن الله تعالى الموافق 11-1-2015 الساعة العاشرة صباحا وذلك للاهمية


سلام من الله عليكم جميعا يا شباب ---نزل جدول اختبارات الفصل الدراسي الثاني للعام الجامعي 1432-1433 ومرفق لكم صوره منه ---ارجوا منكم جميعا الجد والاجتهاد والمثابره فما هي الا ايام معدودات وتجني ثمار جهدك ---نسأل الله لكم التوفيق والنجاح وحاضرين في اي وقت لأي استفسار او سؤال ولا تنسونا من صالح الدعاء--


سلام من الله عليكم اعزائي الطلاب ارجو من الطلاب الذين تجاوز غيابهم الثلاثون ساعة سرعة تقديم اعذارهم الرسمية .

أخر يوم لتقديم الاعذار الاربعاء الموافق السادس والعشرون من ديسمبر 2012

نزل اليوم الجدول النهائي للامتحانات وارجو من الجميع الجد والاجتهاد وعدم التردد في الاتصال بي لأي توضيح أو استفسار مع أمنياتي القلبية للجميع بالتوفيق والنجاح

هااااام وعاجل : تم تغيير موعد اختبار اللغة الانجليزية الثلاثاء المقبل الموافق الاول من يناير 2013من الساعة التاسعة صباحا حتي العاشرة والرع صباحا بدلا من الثانية عشرة ظهرا وحتى الواحدة والربع كما هو معتاد سابقا ارجو من الجميع الانتباه والله الموفق

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من مشاهير الادب الانجليزي







William
Shakespeare



The English playwright, poet, and actor William Shakespeare
(1564-1616) is generally acknowledged to be the greatest of English writers and
one of the most extraordinary creators in human history.



The most crucial fact about William Shakespeare's career is
that he was a popular dramatist. Born 6 years after Queen Elizabeth I had
ascended the throne, contemporary with the high period of the English
Renaissance, Shakespeare had the good luck to find in the theater of London a
medium just coming into its own and an audience, drawn from a wide range of
social classes, eager to reward talents of the sort he possessed. His entire
life was committed to the public theater, and he seems to have written nondramatic
poetry only when enforced closings of the theater made writing plays
impractical. It is equally remarkable that his days in the theater were almost
exactly contemporary with the theater's other outstanding achievements—the
work, for example, of Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson, and John Webster.



Shakespeare was born on or just before April 23, 1564, in
the small but then important Warwickshire town of Stratford. His mother, born
Mary Arden, was the daughter of a landowner from a neighboring village. His
father, John, son of a farmer, was a glove maker and trader in farm produce; he
had achieved a position of some eminence in the prosperous market town by the
time of his son's birth, holding a number of responsible positions in
Stratford's government and serving as mayor in 1569. By 1576, however, John
Shakespeare had begun to encounter the financial difficulties which were to
plague him until his death in 1601.



Though no personal documents survive from Shakespeare's
school years, his literary work shows the mark of the excellent if grueling
education offered at the Stratford grammar school (some reminiscences of
Stratford school days may have lent amusing touches to scenes in The Merry
Wives of Windsor
). Like other Elizabethan schoolboys, Shakespeare studied
Latin grammar during the early years, then progressed to the study of logic,
rhetoric, composition, oration, versification, and the monuments of Roman
literature. The work was conducted in Latin and relied heavily on rote
memorization and the master's rod. A plausible tradition holds that William had
to discontinue his education when about 13 in order to help his father. At 18
he married Ann Hathaway, a Stratford girl. They had three children (Susanna,
1583-1649; Hamnet, 1585-1596; and his twin, Judith, 1585-1662) and who was to
survive him by 7 years. Shakespeare remained actively involved in Stratford
affairs throughout his life, even when living in London, and retired there at
the end of his career.



The years between 1585 and 1592, having left no evidence as
to Shakespeare's activities, have been the focus of considerable speculation;
among other things, conjecture would have him a traveling actor or a country
schoolmaster. The earliest surviving notice of his career in London is a
jealous attack on the "upstart crow" by Robert Greene, a playwright,
professional man of letters, and profligate whose career was at an end in 1592
though he was only 6 years older than Shakespeare. Greene's outcry testifies,
both in its passion and in the work it implies Shakespeare had been doing for
some time, that the young poet had already established himself in the capital.
So does the quality of Shakespeare's first plays: it is hard to believe that
even Shakespeare could have shown such mastery without several years of apprenticeship.



Early Career



Shakespeare's first extant play is probably The Comedy of
Errors
(1590; like most dates for the plays, this is conjectural and may be
a year or two off), a brilliant and intricate farce involving two sets of
identical twins and based on two already-complicated comedies by the Roman
Plautus. Though less fully achieved, his next comedy, The Two Gentlemen of
Verona
(1591), is more prophetic of Shakespeare's later comedy, for its
plot depends on such devices as a faithful girl who educates her fickle lover,
romantic woods, a girl dressed as a boy, sudden reformations, music, and happy
marriages at the end. The last of the first comedies, Love's Labour's Lost
(1593), is romantic again, dealing with the attempt of three young men to withdraw
from the world and women for 3 years to study in their king's "little
Academe," and their quick surrender to a group of young ladies who come to
lodge nearby. If the first of the comedies is most notable for its plotting and
the second for its romantic elements, the third is distinguished by its
dazzling language and its gallery of comic types. Already Shakespeare had
learned to fuse conventional characters with convincing representations of the
human life he knew.



Though little read and performed now, Shakespeare's first
plays in the popular "chronicle," or history, genre are equally
ambitious and impressive. Dealing with the tumultuous events of English history
between the death of Henry V in 1422 and the accession of Henry VII in 1485 (which
began the period of Tudor stability maintained by Shakespeare's own queen), the
three "parts" of Henry VI (1592) and Richard III (1594)
are no tentative experiments in the form: rather they constitute a gigantic
tetralogy, in which each part is a superb play individually and an integral
part of an epic sequence. Nothing so ambitious had ever been attempted in
England in a form hitherto marked by slapdash formlessness.



Shakespeare's first tragedy, Titus Andronicus (1593),
reveals similar ambition. Though its chamber of horrors— including mutilations
and ingenious murders—strikes the modern reader as belonging to a theatrical
tradition no longer viable, the play is in fact a brilliant and successful
attempt to outdo the efforts of Shakespeare's predecessors in the lurid
tradition of the revenge play.



When the theaters were closed because of plague during much
of 1593-1594, Shakespeare looked to nondramatic poetry for his support and
wrote two narrative masterpieces, the seriocomic Venus and Adonis and
the tragic Rape of Lucrece, for a wealthy patron, the Earl of
Southampton. Both poems carry the sophisticated techniques of Elizabethan
narrative verse to their highest point, drawing on the resources of Renaissance
mythological and symbolic traditions.



Shakespeare's most famous poems, probably composed in this
period but not published until 1609, and then not by the author, are the 154
sonnets, the supreme English examples of the form. Writing at the end of a
brief, frenzied vogue for sequences of sonnets, Shakespeare found in the
conventional 14-line lyric with its fixed rhyme scheme a vehicle for
inexhaustible technical innovations—for Shakespeare even more than for other
poets, the restrictive nature of the sonnet generates a paradoxical freedom of
invention that is the life of the form—and for the expression of emotions and
ideas ranging from the frivolous to the tragic. Though often suggestive of
autobiographical revelation, the sonnets cannot be proved to be any the less
fictions than the plays. The identity of their dedicatee, "Mr. W.
H.," remains a mystery, as does the question of whether there were
real-life counterparts to the famous "dark lady" and the unfaithful
friend who are the subject of a number of the poems. But the chief value of these
poems is intrinsic: the sonnets alone would have established Shakespeare's
preeminence among English poets.



Lord Chamberlain's Men



By 1594 Shakespeare was fully engaged in his career. In that
year he became principal writer for the successful Lord Chamberlain's Men—one
of the two leading companies of actors; a regular actor in the company; and a
"sharer," or partner, in the group of artist-managers who ran the
entire operation and were in 1599 to have the Globe Theater built on the south
bank of the Thames. The company performed regularly in unroofed but elaborate
theaters. Required by law to be set outside the city limits, these theaters
were the pride of London, among the first places shown to visiting foreigners,
and seated up to 3,000 people. The actors played on a huge platform stage
equipped with additional playing levels and surrounded on three sides by the
audience; the absence of scenery made possible a flow of scenes comparable to
that of the movies, and music, costumes, and ingenious stage machinery created
successful illusions under the afternoon sun.



For this company Shakespeare produced a steady outpouring of
plays. The comedies include The Taming of the Shrew (1594), fascinating
in light of the first comedies since it combines with an Italian-style plot, in
which all the action occurs in one day, a more characteristically English and
Shakespearean plot, the taming of Kate, in which much more time passes; A
Midsummer Night's Dream
(1595), in which "rude mechanicals,"
artisans without imagination, become entangled with fairies and magic potions
in the moonlit woods to which young lovers have fled from a tyrannical adult
society; The Merchant of Venice (1596), which contributed Shylock and
Portia to the English literary tradition; Much Ado about Nothing (1598),
with a melodramatic main plot whose heroine is maligned and almost driven to
death by a conniving villain and a comic subplot whose Beatrice and Benedick
remain the archetypical sparring lovers; The Merry Wives of Windsor
(1599), held by tradition to have been written in response to the Queen's
request that Shakespeare write another play about Falstaff (who had appeared in
Henry IV), this time in love; and in 1600 the pastoral As You Like
It,
a mature return to the woods and conventions of The Two Gentlemen of
Verona
and A Midsummer Night's Dream, and Twelfth Night,
perhaps the most perfect of the comedies, a romance of identical twins
separated at sea, young love, and the antics of Malvolio and Sir Toby Belch.



Shakespeare's only tragedies of the period are among his
most familiar plays: Romeo and Juliet (1596), Julius Caesar
(1599), and Hamlet (1601). Different from one another as they are, these
three plays share some notable features: the setting of intense personal
tragedy in a large world vividly populated by what seems like the whole range
of humanity; a refusal, shared by most of Shakespeare's contemporaries in the
theater, to separate comic situations and techniques from tragic; the constant
presence of politics; and—a personal rather than a conventional phenomenon—a
tragic structure in which what is best in the protagonist is what does him in
when he finds himself in conflict with the world.



Continuing his interest in the chronicle, Shakespeare wrote
King John (1596), despite its one strong character a relatively weak play; and
the second and greater tetralogy, ranging from Richard II (1595), in
which the forceful Bolingbroke, with an ambiguous justice on his side, deposes
the weak but poetic king, through the two parts of Henry IV (1597), in
which the wonderfully amoral, fat knight Falstaff accompanies Prince Hal,
Bolingbroke's son, to Henry V (1599), in which Hal, become king, leads a
newly unified England, its civil wars temporarily at an end but sadly deprived
of Falstaff and the dissident lowlife who provided so much joy in the earlier
plays, to triumph over France. More impressively than the first tetralogy, the
second turns history into art. Spanning the poles of comedy and tragedy, alive
with a magnificent variety of unforgettable characters, linked to one another
as one great play while each is a complete and independent success in its own
right—the four plays pose disturbing and unanswerable questions about politics,
making one ponder the frequent difference between the man capable of ruling and
the man worthy of doing so, the meaning of legitimacy in office, the value of
order and stability as against the value of revolutionary change, and the
relation of private to public life. The plays are exuberant works of art, but
they are not optimistic about man as a political animal, and their unblinkered
recognition of the dynamics of history has made them increasingly popular and
relevant in our own tormented era.



Three plays of the end of Elizabeth's reign are often
grouped as Shakespeare's "problem plays," though no definition of
that term is able successfully to differentiate them as an exclusive group. All's
Well That Ends Well
(1602) is a romantic comedy with qualities that seem
bitter to many critics; like other plays of the period, by Shakespeare and by
his contemporaries, it presents sexual relations between men and women in a
harsh light. Troilus and Cressida (1602), hardest of the plays to
classify generically, is a brilliant, sardonic, and disillusioned piece on the
Trojan War, unusually philosophical in its language and reminiscent in some
ways of Hamlet. The tragicomic Measure for Measure (1604) focuses
more on sexual problems than any other play in the canon; Angelo, the
puritanical and repressed man of ice who succumbs to violent sexual urges the
moment he is put in temporary authority over Vienna during the duke's absence,
and Isabella, the victim of his lust, are two of the most interesting characters
in Shakespeare, and the bawdy city in which the action occurs suggests a London
on which a new mood of modern urban hopelessness is settling.



King's Men



Promptly upon his accession in 1603, King James I, more
ardently attracted to theatrical art than his predecessor, bestowed his
patronage upon the Lord Chamberlain's Men, so that the flag of the King's Men
now flew over the Globe. During his last decade in the theater Shakespeare was
to write fewer but perhaps even finer plays. Almost all the greatest tragedies
belong to this period. Though they share the qualities of the earlier
tragedies, taken as a group they manifest new tendencies. The heroes are
dominated by passions that make their moral status increasingly ambiguous,
their freedom increasingly circumscribed; similarly the society, even the
cosmos, against which they strive suggests less than ever that all can ever be
right in the world. As before, what destroys the hero is what is best about
him, yet the best in Macbeth or Othello cannot so simply be commended as
Romeo's impetuous ardor or Brutus's political idealism (fatuous though it is).
The late tragedies are each in its own way dramas of alienation, and their
focus, like that of the histories, continues to be felt as intensely relevant
to the concerns of modern men.



Othello (1604) is
concerned, like other plays of the period, with sexual impurity, with the
difference that that impurity is the fantasy of the protagonist about his
faithful wife. Iago, the villain who drives Othello to doubt and murder, is the
culmination of two distinct traditions, the "Machiavellian" conniver
who uses deceit in order to subvert the order of the polity, and the Vice, a
schizophrenically tragicomic devil figure from the morality plays going out of
fashion as Shakespeare grew up. King Lear (1605), to many Shakespeare's
masterpiece, is an agonizing tragic version of a comic play (itself based on
mythical early English history), in which an aged king who foolishly deprives
his only loving daughter of her heritage in order to leave all to her
hypocritical and vicious sisters is hounded to death by a malevolent alliance
which at times seems to include nature itself. Transformed from its
fairy-tale-like origins, the play involves its characters and audience alike in
metaphysical questions that are felt rather than thought.



Macbeth (1606),
similarly based on English chronicle material, concentrates on the problems of
evil and freedom, convincingly mingles the supernatural with a representation
of history, and makes a paradoxically sympathetic hero of a murderer who sins
against family and state—a man in some respects worse than the villain of Hamlet.



Dramatizing stories from Plutarch's Parallel Lives,
Antony and Cleopatra
and Coriolanus (both written in 1607-1608)
embody Shakespeare's bitterest images of political life, the former by setting
against the call to Roman duty the temptation to liberating sexual passion, the
latter by pitting a protagonist who cannot live with hypocrisy against a
society built on it. Both of these tragedies present ancient history with a
vividness that makes it seem contemporary, though the sensuousness of Antony
and Cleopatra,
the richness of its detail, the ebullience of its language,
and the seductive character of its heroine have made it far more popular than
the harsh and austere Coriolanus. One more tragedy, Timon of Athens,
similarly based on Plutarch, was written during this period, though its date is
obscure. Despite its abundant brilliance, few find it a fully satisfactory
play, and some critics have speculated that what we have may be an incomplete
draft. The handful of tragedies that Shakespeare wrote between 1604 and 1608
comprises an astonishing series of worlds different from one another, created
of language that exceeds anything Shakespeare had done before, some of the most
complex and vivid characters in all the plays, and a variety of new structural
techniques.



A final group of plays takes a turn in a new direction.
Commonly called the "romances," Pericles (1607), Cymbeline
(1609), The Winter's Tale (1611), and The Tempest (1611) share
their conventions with the tragicomedy that had been growing popular since the
early years of the century. Particularly they resemble in some respects plays
written by Beaumont and Fletcher for the private theatrical company whose
operation the King's Men took over in 1608. While such work in the hands of
others, however, tended to reflect the socially and intellectually narrow
interests of an elite audience, Shakespeare turned the fashionable mode into a
new kind of personal art form. Though less searing than the great tragedies,
these plays have a unique power to move and are in the realm of the highest
art. Pericles and Cymbeline seem somewhat tentative and
experimental, though both are superb plays. The Winter's Tale, however,
is one of Shakespeare's best plays. Like a rewriting of Othello in its
first acts, it turns miraculously into pastoral comedy in its last. The
Tempest
is the most popular and perhaps the finest of the group. Prospero,
shipwrecked on an island and dominating it with magic which he renounces at the
end, may well be intended as an image of Shakespeare himself; in any event, the
play is like a retrospective glance over the plays of the 2 previous decades.



After the composition of The Tempest, which many
regard as an explicit farewell to art, Shakespeare retired to Stratford,
returning to London to compose Henry VIII and The Two Noble Kinsmen
in 1613; neither of these plays seems to have fired his imagination. In 1616,
at the age of 52, he was dead. His reputation grew quickly, and his work has
continued to seem to each generation like its own most precious discovery. His
value to his own age is suggested by the fact that two fellow actors performed
the virtually unprecedented act in 1623 of gathering his plays together and
publishing them in the Folio edition. Without their efforts, since Shakespeare
was apparently not interested in publication, many of the plays would not have
survivedز

Qutation

 







The wood -Apoem by Charlottte Bronte

 

The Wood a poem by Charlotte Bronte

 

THE WOOD
Charlotte Bronte

But two miles more, and then we rest!
Well, there is still an hour of day,
And long the brightness of the West
Will light us on our devious way;
Sit then, awhile, here in this wood--
So total is the solitude,
We safely may delay.

These massive roots afford a seat,
Which seems for weary travellers made.
There rest. The air is soft and sweet
In this sequestered forest glade,
And there are scents of flowers around,
The evening dew draws from the ground;
How soothingly they spread!

Yes; I was tired, but not at heart;
No--that beats full of sweet content,
For now I have my natural part
Of action with adventure blent;
Cast forth on the wide world with thee,
And all my once waste energy
To weighty purpose bent.

Yet--sayst thou, spies around us roam,
Our aims are termed conspiracy?
Haply, no more our English home
An anchorage for us may be?
That there is risk our mutual blood
May redden in some lonely wood
The knife of treachery?

Sayst thou, that where we lodge each night,
In each lone farm, or lonelier hall
Of Norman Peer--ere morning light
Suspicion must as duly fall,
As day returns--such vigilance
Presides and watches over France,
Such rigour governs all?

I fear not, William; dost thou fear?
So that the knife does not divide,
It may be ever hovering near:
I could not tremble at thy side,
And strenuous love--like mine for thee--
Is buckler strong 'gainst treachery,
And turns its stab aside.

I am resolved that thou shalt learn
To trust my strength as I trust thine;
I am resolved our souls shall burn
With equal, steady, mingling shine;
Part of the field is conquered now,
Our lives in the same channel flow,
Along the self-same line;

And while no groaning storm is heard,
Thou seem'st content it should be so,
But soon as comes a warning word
Of danger--straight thine anxious brow
Bends over me a mournful shade,
As doubting if my powers are made
To ford the floods of woe.

Know, then it is my spirit swells,
And drinks, with eager joy, the air
Of freedom--where at last it dwells,
Chartered, a common task to share
With thee, and then it stirs alert,
And pants to learn what menaced hurt
Demands for thee its care.

Remember, I have crossed the deep,
And stood with thee on deck, to gaze
On waves that rose in threatening heap,
While stagnant lay a heavy haze,
Dimly confusing sea with sky,
And baffling, even, the pilot's eye,
Intent to thread the maze--

Of rocks, on Bretagne's dangerous coast,
And find a way to steer our band
To the one point obscure, which lost,
Flung us, as victims, on the strand;--
All, elsewhere, gleamed the Gallic sword,
And not a wherry could be moored
Along the guarded land.

I feared not then--I fear not now;
The interest of each stirring scene
Wakes a new sense, a welcome glow,
In every nerve and bounding vein ;
Alike on turbid Channel sea,
Or in still wood of Normandy,
I feel as born again.

The rain descended that wild morn
When, anchoring in the cove at last,
Our band, all weary and forlorn
Ashore, like wave-worn sailors, cast--
Sought for a sheltering roof in vain,
And scarce could scanty food obtain
To break their morning fast.

Thou didst thy crust with me divide,
Thou didst thy cloak around me fold;
And, sitting silent by thy side,
I ate the bread in peace untold:
Given kindly from thy hand, 'twas sweet
As costly fare or princely treat
On royal plate of gold.

Sharp blew the sleet upon my face,
And, rising wild, the gusty wind
Drove on those thundering waves apace,
Our crew so late had left behind;
But, spite of frozen shower and storm,
So close to thee, my heart beat warm,
And tranquil slept my mind.

So now--nor foot-sore nor opprest
With walking all this August day,
I taste a heaven in this brief rest,
This gipsy-halt beside the way.
England's wild flowers are fair to view,
Like balm is England's summer dew
Like gold her sunset ray.

But the white violets, growing here,
Are sweeter than I yet have seen,
And ne'er did dew so pure and clear
Distil on forest mosses green,
As now, called forth by summer heat,
Perfumes our cool and fresh retreat--
These fragrant limes between.

That sunset! Look beneath the boughs,
Over the copse--beyond the hills;
How soft, yet deep and warm it glows,
And heaven with rich suffusion fills;
With hues where still the opal's tint,
Its gleam of prisoned fire is blent,
Where flame through azure thrills!

Depart we now--for fast will fade
That solemn splendour of decline,
And deep must be the after-shade
As stars alone to-night will shine;
No moon is destined--pale--to gaze
On such a day's vast Phoenix blaze,
A day in fires decayed!

There--hand-in-hand we tread again
The mazes of this varying wood,
And soon, amid a cultured plain,
Girt in with fertile solitude,
We shall our resting-place descry,
Marked by one roof-tree, towering high
Above a farmstead rude.

Refreshed, erelong, with rustic fare,
We'll seek a couch of dreamless ease;
Courage will guard thy heart from fear,
And Love give mine divinest peace:
To-morrow brings more dangerous toil,
And through its conflict and turmoil
We'll pass, as God shall please. 

 

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